Painted francolin Painted francolin ( Francolinus pictus ) The painted francolin or painted partridge is a species of francolin found in grassy areas in central and southern India and in the lowlands of southeastern Sri Lanka. They are easily detected by their loud calls especially during the breeding season.
Grey francolin Grey francolin ( Francolinus ) The grey francolin is a species of francolin found in the plains and drier parts of the Indian subcontinent. This species was formerly also called the grey partridge, not to be confused with the European grey partridge.
Red spurfowl Red spurfowl ( Galloperdix spadicea ) The red spurfowl is a member of the pheasant family and is endemic to India. It is a bird of forests, and is quite secretive despite its size. It has a distinctive call and is often hard to see except for a few seconds when it flushes from the undergrowth. It appears reddish and like a long-tailed partridge
Painted spurfowl Painted spurfowl ( Galloperdix lunulata ) The painted spurfowl is a bird of the pheasant family found in rocky hill and scrub forests mainly in peninsular India. Males are more brightly coloured and spotted boldly in white. Males have two to four spurs while females can have one or two of the spurs on their tarsus.
Blue-breasted quail Blue-breasted quail ( Coturnix chinensis ) The king quail (Excalfactoria chinensis), also known as the blue-breasted quail, Asian blue quail, Chinese painted quail, or Chung-Chi, is a species of Old World quail in the family Phasianidae.
Common quail Common quail ( Coturnix coturnix ) The common quail, or European quail, is a small ground-nesting game bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. Coturnix is the Latin for this species. With its characteristic call of "wet my lips", this species of quail is more often heard than seen
Rain quail Rain quail ( Coturnix coromandelica ) The rain quail or black-breasted quail is a species of quail found in the Indian subcontinent, its range including Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam
Jungle bush quail Jungle bush quail ( Perdicula asiatica ) The jungle bush quail is a species of quail found in the Indian subcontinent, ranging across India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Very different from the female, the male jungle bush quail has a white moustache, heavily barred white underparts, and variegated wings.
Rock bush quailh Rock bush quailh ( Perdicula argoondah ) The rock bush quail is a species of quail found in parts of peninsular India. It is a common species with a wide range and the IUCN has rated it as being of "least concern"
Painted bush quail Painted bush quail ( Perdicula erythrorhyncha ) The painted bush quail is a species of quail found in the hill forests of India. They move in small coveys on hillsides and are distinguished by their red bills and legs. They have a liquid alarm call and small groups will run in single file along paths before taking flight when flushed
Small buttonquail Small buttonquail ( Turnix sylvaticus ) The common buttonquail, Kurrichane buttonquail, small buttonquail, or Andalusian hemipode is a buttonquail, one of a small family of birds which resemble, but are unrelated to, the true quails. This species is resident from southern Spain and Africa through India and tropical Asia to Indonesia.
Yellow-legged buttonquail Yellow-legged buttonquail ( Turnix tanki ) The yellow-legged buttonquail is a buttonquail, one of a small family of birds which resemble, but are unrelated to, the true quails. They are endemic to the Indian subcontinent, East Asia and Southeast Asia. There are two recognised subspecies
Barred buttonquail Barred buttonquail ( Turnix suscitator ) The barred buttonquail or common bustard-quail is a buttonquail, one of a small family of birds which resemble, but are unrelated to, the true quails. This species is resident from India across tropical Asia to south China, Indonesia and the Philippines.
Red junglefowl Red junglefowl ( Gallus gallus ) The red junglefowl is a tropical bird in the family Phasianidae. They are the primary progenitor of the domestic chicken. The red junglefowls were first domesticated at least 5,000 years ago in India
Grey junglefowl Grey junglefowl ( NIL ) The grey junglefowl, also known as Sonnerat's junglefowl, is one of the wild ancestors of domestic fowl together with the red junglefowl and other junglefowls. A gene from the grey junglefowl is responsible for the yellow pigment in the legs and different body parts of all the domesticated chicken.
Indian peafowl Indian peafowl ( Pavo cristatus ) The Indian peafowl, also known as the common peafowl, and blue peafowl, is a large and brightly coloured bird, is a species of peafowl native to the Indian subcontinent, but introduced in many other parts of the world.
Fulvous whistling-duck Fulvous whistling-duck ( Dendrocygna bicolor ) The fulvous whistling duck or fulvous tree duck is a species of whistling duck that breeds across the world's tropical regions in much of Mexico and South America, the West Indies, the Southern United States, sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian subcontinent.
Lesser whistling-duck Lesser whistling-duck ( Dendrocygna javanica ) The lesser whistling duck, also known as Indian whistling duck or lesser whistling teal, is a species of whistling duck that breeds in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. They are nocturnal feeders that during the day may be found in flocks around lakes and wet paddy fields
Knob-billed duck Knob-billed duck ( Sarkidiornis melanotos ) The knob-billed duck, or African comb duck, is a duck found in tropical wetlands in Sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar and south Asia from Pakistan to Laos and extreme southern China. Most taxonomic authorities split this species and the comb duck from each other
Pink-headed duck Pink-headed duck ( Rhodonessa caryophyllacea ) The pink-headed duck was a large diving duck that was once found in parts of the Gangetic plains of India, Bangladesh and in the riverine swamps of Myanmar but feared extinct since the 1950s. Numerous searches have failed to provide any proof of continued existence
Cotton pygmy-goose Cotton pygmy-goose ( Nettapus coromandelianus ) The cotton pygmy goose or cotton teal is a small perching duck which breeds in Asia, Southeast Asia extending south and east to Queensland where they are sometimes called white-quilled pygmy goose
Bar-headed goose Bar-headed goose ( Anser indicus ) The bar-headed goose is a goose that breeds in Central Asia in colonies of thousands near mountain lakes and winters in South Asia, as far south as peninsular India. It lays three to eight eggs at a time in a ground nest.
Ruddy shelduck Ruddy shelduck ( Tadorna ferruginea ) The ruddy shelduck, known in India as the Brahminy duck, is a member of the family Anatidae. It is a distinctive waterfowl, 58 to 70 cm in length with a wingspan of 110 to 135 cm.
Common shelduck Common shelduck ( Tadorna tadorna ) The common shelduck is a waterfowl species of the shelduck genus, Tadorna. It is widespread and common in Eurasia, mainly breeding in temperate and wintering in subtropical regions; in winter, it can also be found in the Maghreb. Its scientific name comes from the French name Tadorne for this species
Gadwall Gadwall ( Mareca strepera ) The gadwall is a bird of open wetlands, such as prairie or steppe lakes, wet grassland or marshes with dense fringing vegetation, and usually feeds by dabbling for plant food with head submerged. It nests on the ground, often some distance from water.
Eurasian wigeon Eurasian wigeon ( Mareca penelope ) The Eurasian wigeon, also known as widgeon (Mareca penelope) is one of three species of wigeon in the dabbling duck genus Mareca. It is common and widespread within its range.
Mallard Mallard ( Anas platyrhynchos ) The mallard is a dabbling duck that breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical Americas, Eurasia, and North Africa and has been introduced to New Zealand, Australia, Peru, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, the Falkland Islands, and South Africa.
Spot-billed duck Spot-billed duck ( Anas poecilorhyncha ) The Indian spot-billed duck is a large dabbling duck that is a non-migratory breeding duck throughout freshwater wetlands in the Indian subcontinent. The name is derived from the red spot at the base of the bill that is found in the mainland Indian population.
Common teal Common teal ( Anas crecca ) The Eurasian teal, common teal, or Eurasian green-winged teal is a common and widespread duck which breeds in temperate Eurasia and migrates south in winter. The Eurasian teal is often called simply the teal due to being the only one of these small dabbling ducks in much of its range.
Northern pintail Northern pintail ( Anas acuta ) The pintail or northern pintail is a duck with wide geographic distribution that breeds in the northern areas of Europe, Asia and North America. It is migratory and winters south of its breeding range to the equator.
Northern shoveler Northern shoveler ( Anas clypeata ) Perhaps the most outwardly distinctive of the dabbling ducks thanks to its large spoon-shaped bill, the Northern Shoveler busily forages head down in shallow wetlands. Its uniquely shaped bill has comblike projections along its edges, which filter out tiny crustaceans and seeds from the water.
Garganey Garganey ( Anas querquedula ) The garganey is a scarce and very secretive breeding duck in the UK. It is smaller than a mallard and slightly bigger than a teal. The male is most easily recognised with a broad white stripe over the eye. In flight it shows a pale blue forewing. It feeds by 'dabbling'.
Red-crested pochard Red-crested pochard ( Netta rufina ) The red-crested pochard is a large diving duck. The scientific name is derived from Greek Netta "duck", and Latin rufina, "golden-red". Its breeding habitat is lowland marshes and lakes in southern Europe and Central Asia, wintering in the Indian Subcontinent and Africa
Common pochard Common pochard ( Aythya ferina ) The common pochard is a medium-sized diving duck. The scientific name is derived from Greek aithuia an unidentified seabird mentioned by authors including Hesychius and Aristotle, and Latin ferina, "wild game", from ferus, "wild".
Ferruginous pochard Ferruginous pochard ( Aythya nyroca ) The ferruginous duck, also ferruginous pochard, common white-eye or white-eyed pochard is a medium-sized diving duck from Eurasia. The scientific name is derived from Greek aithuia an unidentified seabird mentioned by authors including Hesychius and Aristotle, and nyrok, the Russian name for a duck
Tufted duck Tufted duck ( Aythya fuligula ) The tufted duck is a small diving duck with a population of close to one million birds, found in northern Eurasia. The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek aithuia an unidentified seabird mentioned by authors including Hesychius and Aristotle, and Latin, fuligo "soot" and gula "throat".
Eurasian wryneck Eurasian wryneck ( Jynx torquilla ) The Eurasian wryneck or northern wryneck is a species of wryneck in the woodpecker family. This species mainly breeds in temperate regions of Europe and Asia
Speckled piculet Speckled piculet ( Picumnus innominatus ) The speckled piculet is a species of bird in the family Picidae
Brown-capped pygmy woodpecker Brown-capped pygmy woodpecker ( Dendrocopos nanus ) The brown-capped pygmy woodpecker or Indian pygmy woodpecker is a species of very small woodpecker found in Nepal, India and Sri Lanka. Some taxonomic authorities continue to place this species in the genus Dendrocopos or Picoides
Fulvous-breasted woodpecker Fulvous-breasted woodpecker ( Dendrocopos macei ) The fulvous-breasted woodpecker is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, India and Myanmar. The freckle-breasted woodpecker was formerly considered conspecific with this species
Yellow-crowned woodpecker Yellow-crowned woodpecker ( Leiopicus mahrattensis ) The yellow-crowned woodpecker or Mahratta woodpecker is a species of small pied woodpecker found in the Indian subcontinent.
Rufous woodpecker Rufous woodpecker ( Micropternus brachyurus ) The rufous woodpecker is a medium-sized brown woodpecker found in South and Southeast Asia. It is short-billed, foraging in pairs on small insects, particularly ants and termites, in scrub, evergreem,
Heart-spotted woodpecker Heart-spotted woodpecker ( Hemicircus canente ) The heart-spotted woodpecker is a species of bird in the woodpecker family. They have a contrasting black and white pattern, a distinctively stubby body with a large wedge-shaped head making them easy
White-bellied woodpecker White-bellied woodpecker ( Dryocopus javensis ) The white-bellied woodpecker or great black woodpecker is found in evergreen forests of tropical Asia, including the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It has 14 subspecies, part of a complex including the Andaman woodpecker. Many island forms are endangered, some are extinct.
Lesser yellownape Lesser yellownape ( Picus chlorolophus ) The lesser yellownape is a type of woodpecker which is a widespread and often common breeder in tropical and sub-tropical Asia, primarily the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Greater yellownape Greater yellownape ( Chrysophlegma flavinucha ) The greater yellownape is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is found in East Asia from northern and eastern India to south-eastern China, Indochina, Hainan, and Sumatra. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.
Streak-throated woodpecker Streak-throated woodpecker ( Picus xanthopygaeus ) The streak-throated woodpecker is a species of woodpecker found in the Indian subcontinent.
Common flameback Common flameback ( Dinopium javanense ) The common flameback or common goldenback is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. The spot-throated flameback is sometimes considered a subspecies.
Black-rumped flameback Black-rumped flameback ( Dinopium benghalense ) The black-rumped flameback, also known as the lesser golden-backed woodpecker or lesser goldenback, is a woodpecker found widely distributed in the Indian subcontinent. It is one of the few woodpeckers that are seen in urban areas. It has a characteristic rattling-whinnying call and an undulating flight.
Greater flameback Greater flameback ( Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus ) The greater flameback also known as greater goldenback, large golden-backed woodpecker or Malherbe's golden-backed woodpecker, is a woodpecker species. It occurs widely in the Indian subcontinent, eastwards to southern China, the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, western and central Java and northeast Borneo.
White-naped woodpecker White-naped woodpecker ( Chrysocolaptes festivus ) The white-naped woodpecker is a woodpecker which is a widespread but scarce breeder in the Indian Subcontinent. This flameback is a species associated with open forest and scrub with some trees. It nests in a tree hole, laying one or two white eggs.
Brown-headed barbet Brown-headed barbet ( Megalaima zeylanica ) The brown-headed barbet is an Asian barbet species native to the Indian subcontinent, where it inhabits tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests. It is widespread from the Terai in both Nepal and India to Sri Lanka, and listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.
White-cheeked barbet White-cheeked barbet ( Megalaima viridis ) The white-cheeked barbet or small green barbet is a species of barbet found in southern India. It is very similar to the more widespread brown-headed barbet but this species has a distinctive supercilium
Malabar barbet Malabar barbet ( Megalaima malabarica ) The Malabar barbet is an Asian barbet native to the Western Ghats in India. It was formerly treated as a race of the crimson-fronted barbet. It overlaps in some places with the range of the coppersmith barbet and has a similar but more rapid call
Coppersmith barbet Coppersmith barbet ( Megalaima haemacephala ) The coppersmith barbet, also called crimson-breasted barbet and coppersmith, is an Asian barbet with crimson forehead and throat, known for its metronomic call that sounds similar to a coppersmith striking metal with a hammer. It is a resident bird in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia.
Malabar grey hornbill Malabar grey hornbill ( Ocyceros griseus ) The Malabar grey hornbill is a hornbill endemic to the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India. They have a large beak but lack the casque that is prominent in some other hornbill species. They are found mainly in dense forest and around rubber, arecanut or coffee plantations.
Indian grey hornbill Indian grey hornbill ( Ocyceros birostris ) The Indian grey hornbill is a common hornbill found on the Indian subcontinent. It is mostly arboreal and is commonly sighted in pairs. It has grey feathers all over the body with a light grey or dull white belly. The horn is black or dark grey with a casque extending to the point of curvature of the horn
Malabar pied hornbill Malabar pied hornbill ( Anthracoceros coronatus ) The Malabar pied hornbill, also known as lesser pied hornbill, is a bird in the hornbill family, a family of tropical near-passerine birds found in the Old World.
Oriental pied hornbill Oriental pied hornbill ( Anthracoceros albirostris ) he oriental pied hornbill is an Indo-Malayan pied hornbill, a large canopy-dwelling bird belonging to the family Bucerotidae. Two other common names for this species are sunda pied hornbill and Malaysian pied hornbill. The species is considered to be among the smallest and most common of the Asian hornbills.
Great hornbill Great hornbill ( Buceros bicornis ) The great hornbill also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Its impressive size and colour have made it important in many tribal cultures and rituals.
Common hoopoe Common hoopoe ( Upupidae ) Hoopoes are colourful birds found across Afro-Eurasia, notable for their distinctive "crown" of feathers. Three living and one extinct species are recognized, though for many years all were lumped as a single species—Upupa epops
Malabar trogon Malabar trogon ( Harpactes fasciatus ) The Malabar trogon is a species of bird in the trogon family. It is found in the forests of Sri Lanka and peninsular India. In India it is mainly found in the Western Ghats, hill forests of central India and in parts of the Eastern Ghats.
European roller European roller ( Coracias garrulus ) The European roller is the only member of the roller family of birds to breed in Europe. Its overall range extends into the Middle East, Central Asia and Morocco. The European roller is found in a wide variety of habitats, avoiding only treeless plains.
Indian roller Indian roller ( Coracias benghalensis ) The Indian roller is a bird of the family Coraciidae, the rollers. It occurs widely from West Asia to the Indian Subcontinent. It is listed as least concern on the IUCN Red List. It is best known for its aerobatic displays of males during the breeding season.
Dollarbird Dollarbird ( Eurystomus orientalis ) The Oriental dollarbird is a bird of the roller family, so named because of the distinctive blue coin-shaped spots on its wings. It can be found from Australia to Japan and India.
Pied kingfisher Pied kingfisher ( Ceryle rudis ) The pied kingfisher is a species of water kingfisher widely distributed across Africa and Asia. Originally described by Linnaeus in 1758, it has five recognised subspecies. Its black and white plumage and crest, as well as its habit of hovering over clear lakes and rivers before diving for fish, make it distinctive.
Common kingfisher Common kingfisher ( Alcedo atthis ) The pied kingfisher is a species of water kingfisher widely distributed across Africa and Asia. Originally described by Linnaeus in 1758, it has five recognised subspecies. Its black and white plumage and crest, as well as its habit of hovering over clear lakes and rivers before diving for fish, make it distinctive
Blue-eared kingfisher Blue-eared kingfisher ( Alcedo meninting ) The blue-eared kingfisher is found in Asia, ranging across the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is found mainly in dense shaded forests where it hunts in small streams.
Oriental dwarf kingfisher Oriental dwarf kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca ) The Oriental dwarf kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca), also known as the black-backed kingfisher or three-toed kingfisher, is a species of bird in the family Alcedinidae. A widespread resident of lowland forest, it is endemic across much of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Stork-billed kingfisher Stork-billed kingfisher ( Pelargopsis capensis ) The stork-billed kingfisher, is a tree kingfisher which is widely but sparsely distributed in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, from India to Indonesia. This kingfisher is resident throughout its range. It is a very large kingfisher, measuring 35 cm in length
White-throated kingfisher White-throated kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis ) The white-throated kingfisher also known as the white-breasted kingfisher is a tree kingfisher, widely distributed in Asia from the Sinai east through the Indian subcontinent to the Philippines. This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements.
Black-capped kingfisher Black-capped kingfisher ( Halcyon pileata ) The black-capped kingfisher is a tree kingfisher which is widely distributed in tropical Asia from India east to China, Korea and Southeast Asia.
Collared kingfisher Collared kingfisher ( Todiramphus chloris ) The collared kingfisher is a medium-sized kingfisher belonging to the subfamily Halcyoninae, the tree kingfishers. It is also known as the white-collared kingfisher or mangrove kingfisher. It has a wide range extending from the Red Sea across southern Asia to Polynesia.
Blue-bearded bee-eater Blue-bearded bee-eater ( Nyctyornis athertoni ) The blue-bearded bee-eater is a species of bee-eater found in much of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. This bee-eater is found in forest clearings. It is found mainly in the Malayan region but extends west into peninsular India.
Green bee-eater Green bee-eater ( Merops orientalis ) The green bee-eater, also known as little green bee-eater, is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family.
Blue-cheeked bee-eater Blue-cheeked bee-eater ( Merops persicus ) The blue-cheeked bee-eater is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family, Meropidae. The genus name Merops is Ancient Greek for "bee-eater", and persicus is Latin for "Persian". It breeds in Northern Africa, and the Middle East from eastern Turkey to Kazakhstan and India.
Blue-tailed bee-eater Blue-tailed bee-eater ( Merops philippinus ) The blue-tailed bee-eater is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family Meropidae. It breeds in southeastern Asia. It is strongly migratory, seen seasonally in much of peninsular India. This species is sometimes considered to be conspecific with the blue-cheeked bee-eater.
European bee-eater European bee-eater ( Merops apiaster ) The European bee-eater is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family, Meropidae. It breeds in southern Europe and in parts of north Africa and western Asia. It is strongly migratory, wintering in tropical Africa
Chestnut-headed bee-eater Chestnut-headed bee-eater ( Merops leschenaulti ) The chestnut-headed bee-eater, or bay-headed bee-eater, is a near passerine bird in the bee-eater family Meropidae. It is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent and adjoining regions, ranging from India east to Southeast Asia. This species, like other bee-eaters, is a richly coloured, slender bird.
Pied cuckoo Pied cuckoo ( Clamator jacobinus ) The Jacobin cuckoo, pied cuckoo, or pied crested cuckoo is a member of the cuckoo order of birds that is found in Africa and Asia. It is partially migratory and in India, it has been considered a harbinger of the monsoon rains due to the timing of its arrival.
Chestnut-winged cuckoo Chestnut-winged cuckoo ( Clamator coromandus ) The chestnut-winged cuckoo or red-winged crested cuckoo is a cuckoo found in Southeast Asia and parts of South Asia. It has dark glossy upperparts, a black head with long crest chestnut wings, a long graduated glossy black tail, rufous throat dusky underside and a narrow white nuchal half collar.
Large hawk-cuckoo Large hawk-cuckoo ( Hierococcyx sparverioides ) The large hawk-cuckoo is a species of cuckoo in the Cuculidae family. It has a wide breeding distribution from temperate Asia along the Himalayas extending to East Asia. Many populations winter further south.
Common hawk-cuckoo Common hawk-cuckoo ( Hierococcyx varius ) The common hawk-cuckoo, popularly known as the brainfever bird, is a medium-sized cuckoo resident in the Indian subcontinent. It bears a close resemblance to the Shikra, even in its style of flying and landing on a perch.
Indian cuckoo Indian cuckoo ( Cuculus micropterus ) The Indian cuckoo is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes, that is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It ranges from India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia and north to China and Russia
Eurasian cuckoo Eurasian cuckoo ( Cuculus canorus ) The common cuckoo is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, Cuculiformes, which includes the roadrunners, the anis and the coucals. This species is a widespread summer migrant to Europe and Asia, and winters in Africa.
Lesser cuckoo Lesser cuckoo ( Cuculus poliocephalus ) The lesser cuckoo is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea
Banded bay cuckoo Banded bay cuckoo ( Cacomantis sonneratii ) The banded bay cuckoo or bay-banded cuckoo is a species of small cuckoo found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Like others in the genus they have a round nostril. They are usually founded in well wooded areas mainly in the lower hills.
Grey-bellied cuckoo Grey-bellied cuckoo ( Cacomantis passerinus ) The grey-bellied cuckoo or the Indian plaintive cuckoo is a cuckoo with widespread occurrence throughout Asia.
Drongo cuckoo Drongo cuckoo ( Surniculus lugubris ) The square-tailed drongo-cuckoo is a species of cuckoo that resembles a black drongo. It is found in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia and is a summer visitor to the Himalayas from Kashmir to eastern Bangladesh. The calls are series of piercing sharp whistles rising in pitch but shrill and choppily delivered.
Asian koel Asian koel ( Eudynamys scolopaceus ) The Asian koel is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes. It is found in the Indian Subcontinent, China, and Southeast Asia. It forms a superspecies with the closely related black-billed and Pacific koels which are sometimes treated as subspecies.
Green-billed malkoha Green-billed malkoha ( Phaenicophaeus tristis ) The green-billed malkoha is a species of non-parasitic cuckoo found throughout Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The birds are waxy bluish black with a long graduated tail with white tips to the tail feathers. The bill is prominent and curved. These birds are found in dry scrub and thin forests.
Blue-faced malkoha Blue-faced malkoha ( Phaenicophaeus viridirostris ) The blue-faced malkoha or small green-billed malkoha is a non-parasitic cuckoo found in the scrub and deciduous forests of peninsular India and Sri Lanka. It has a waxy, dark, blue-grey plumage on its upperparts and has a long tail with graduated white-tipped feathers
Sirkeer malkoha Sirkeer malkoha ( Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii ) The sirkeer malkoha or sirkeer cuckoo, is a non-parasitic cuckoo found in dry scrub forest and open woodland habitats in the Indian subcontinent. The species is long-tailed, largely olive brown on the upper side with a distinctive curved red beak tipped in yellow.
Greater coucal Greater coucal ( Centropus sinensis ) The greater coucal or crow pheasant, is a large non-parasitic member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes. A widespread resident in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, it is divided into several subspecies, some being treated as full species
Lesser coucal Lesser coucal ( Centropus bengalensis ) The lesser coucal is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae. It has a wide distribution range that overlaps with several other similar species. The habitat in which it is found is often marshy land with grass and tree cover.
Vernal hanging parrot Vernal hanging parrot ( Loriculus vernalis ) The vernal hanging parrot is a small parrot which is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent and some other areas of Southeast Asia. It undergoes local movements, driven mainly by the availability of the fruit, seeds, buds and blossoms that make up its diet.
Alexandrine parakeet Alexandrine parakeet ( Psittacula eupatria ) The Alexandrine parakeet, also known as the Alexandrine parrot or Burmese parakeet, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula of the family Psittacidae
Rose-ringed parakeet Rose-ringed parakeet ( Psittacula krameri ) The rose-ringed parakeet, also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula, of the family Psittacidae.
Plum-headed parakeet Plum-headed parakeet ( Psittacula cyanocephala ) The plum-headed parakeet is a parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent and was once thought to be conspecific with the blossom-headed parakeet but was later elevated to a full species.
Malabar parakeet Malabar parakeet ( Psittacula columboides ) The blue-winged parakeet, also known as the Malabar parakeet is a species of parakeet endemic to the Western Ghats of southern India. Found in small flocks, they fly rapidly in forest clearings while making screeching calls that differ from those of other parakeet species within their distribution range
Indian swiftlet Indian swiftlet ( Aerodramus unicolor ) The Indian swiftlet, or Indian edible-nest swiftlet, is a small swift. It is a common resident colonial breeder in the hills of Sri Lanka and south west India. The half-cup nest is built on a vertical surface, often in a cave
White-rumped needletail White-rumped needletail ( Zoonavena sylvatica ) The white-rumped spinetail or white-rumped needletail is a species of swift found in the forests of Bangladesh, India and Nepal. It is often seen over waterbodies in the middle of forest. It can resemble a house swift but has a white vent.
Brown-backed needletail Brown-backed needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus ) The brown-backed needletail, or brown needletail, is a large swift. These birds have very short legs which they use only mainly for clinging to vertical surfaces. They never settle voluntarily on the ground and spend most of their lives in the air, living on the insects they catch in their beaks.
Asian palm swift Asian palm swift ( Cypsiurus balasiensis ) The Asian palm swift is a small swift. It is very similar to the African palm swift, Cypsiurus parvus, and was formerly considered to be the same species. It is a common resident breeder in tropical Asia from India to the Philippines.
Alpine swift Alpine swift ( Tachymarptis melba ) The Alpine swift formerly Apus melba, is a species of swift. The genus name is from the Ancient Greek takhus, "fast", and marptis, "seizer". The specific name melba comes from ‘melano-alba’ or ‘mel-alba’; Eigenhuis & Swaab posited that ‘melba’ might be a short form for ‘melano-alba’ or ‘mel-alba’.
Common swift Common swift ( Apus apus ) The common swift is a medium-sized bird, superficially similar to the barn swallow or house martin but somewhat larger, though not stemming from those passerine species, being in the order Apodiformes. The resemblances between the groups are due to convergent evolution, reflecting similar contextual development.
Blyth's swift Blyth's swift ( Apus leuconyx ) Blyth's swift, is a small bird, superficially similar to a house martin. It is, however, completely unrelated to those passerine species, since swifts are in the order Apodiformes. The resemblances between the groups are due to convergent evolution reflecting similar life styles
House swift House swift ( Apus nipalensis ) The house swift is a species of swift in the family Apodidae. It is found in Japan, Nepal, and Southeast Asia. It is capable of flying long distances by alternately shutting off hemispheres of their brain in-flight. In May 2012, one was discovered in Ladner, British Columbia, the first known sighting in North America
Crested treeswift Crested treeswift ( Hemiprocne coronata ) The crested treeswift is a kind of tree swift. It was for some time considered the same species as its eastern relative, the grey-rumped treeswift, but they do not interbreed where their ranges overlap. It is distinct in flight, with long, bowed wings and a deeply forked tail that usually appears narrow and pointed.
Barn owl Barn owl ( Tyto alba ) The barn owl is the most widely distributed species of owl and one of the most widespread of all birds. It is also referred to as the common barn owl, to distinguish it from other species in its family, Tytonidae, which forms one of the two main lineages of living owls, the other being the typical owls.
Grass owl Grass owl ( Tyto longimembris ) The eastern grass owl, or Australian grass owl is a species of owl in the family Tytonidae. They feed predominantly on small rodents. Though some authorities consider this owl to be conspecific with the African grass owl, T. capensis, other consider it to be a valid species.
Oriental bay owl Oriental bay owl ( Phodilus badius ) The oriental bay owl is a type of bay owl, usually classified with barn owls. It is completely nocturnal, and can be found throughout Southeast Asia. It has several subspecies. It has a heart-shaped face with earlike extensions.
Pallid scops owl Pallid scops owl ( Otus brucei ) The pallid scops owl is a small scops owl ranging from the Middle East to West and Central Asia, sometimes called the striated scops owl.
Oriental scops owl Oriental scops owl ( Otus sunia ) The oriental scops owl is a species of scops owl found in eastern and southern Asia.
Collared scops owl Collared scops owl ( Otus lettia ) The collared scops owl is an owl which is a resident breeder in south Asia from northern Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh and the Himalayas east to south China. It is partially migratory, with some birds wintering in India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.
Jungle owlet Jungle owlet ( Glaucidium radiatum ) The jungle owlet, or barred jungle owlet, is found in the Indian Subcontinent. The species is often found singly, in pairs or small groups and are usually detected by their calls at dawn and dusk. There are two subspecies with the form found in the Western Ghats sometimes considered a full species.
Spotted owlet Spotted owlet ( Athene brama ) The spotted owlet is a small owl which breeds in tropical Asia from mainland India to Southeast Asia. A common resident of open habitats including farmland and human habitation, it has adapted to living in cities. They roost in small groups in the hollows of trees or in cavities in rocks or buildings.
Forest owlet Forest owlet ( Athene blewitti ) The forest owlet is an endangered owl that is endemic to the forests of central India. The species belongs to the typical owls family, Strigidae. First described in 1873, it was not sighted after 1884 and considered extinct. It was rediscovered in 1997 by Pamela Rasmussen.
Eurasian eagle owl Eurasian eagle owl ( Bubo bubo ) The Eurasian eagle-owl is a species of eagle-owl that resides in much of Eurasia. It is also called the European eagle-owl and in Europe, it is occasionally abbreviated to just eagle-owl.
Spot-bellied eagle owl Spot-bellied eagle owl ( Bubo nipalensis ) The spot-bellied eagle-owl, also known as the forest eagle-owl is a large bird of prey with a formidable appearance. It is a forest-inhabiting species found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Dusky eagle owl Dusky eagle owl ( Bubo coromandus ) DescriptionThe dusky eagle-owl is an owl species in the Strigidae family that is widespread in South and Southeast Asia. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. The species's extent of occurrence is estimated at 9,250,000 km².
Brown fish owl Brown fish owl ( Bubo zeylonensis ) The brown fish owl is a fish owl species in the family known as typical owls, Strigidae. It is native from Turkey to South and Southeast Asia. Due its wide distribution it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. It inhabits forests and wooded wetlands.
Mottled wood owl Mottled wood owl ( Strix ocellata ) The mottled wood owl is a species of large owl found in India. They are found in gardens and thin deciduous forests adjacent to dry thorn forests or farmland. They are easily detected by their distinctive tremulous eerie calls at dawn and dusk
Brown wood owl Brown wood owl ( Strix leptogrammica ) The Brown Wood Owl is found in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, east to western Indonesia, Taiwan, and south China. The brown wood owl is a resident breeder in south Asia. This species is a part of the family of owls known as typical owls, which contains most species of owl. It belongs to the earless owl genus Strix.
Brown hawk-owl Brown hawk-owl ( Ninox scutulata ) The brown hawk-owl, also known as the brown boobook, is an owl which is a resident breeder in south Asia from India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal east to western Indonesia and south China. This species is a part of the larger grouping of owls known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most species of owl.
Short-eared owl Short-eared owl ( Asio flammeus ) The short-eared owl is a species of typical owl. Owls belonging to genus Asio are known as the eared owls, as they have tufts of feathers resembling mammalian ears. These "ear" tufts may or may not be visible.
Sri Lanka frogmouth Sri Lanka frogmouth ( Batrachostomus moniliger ) The Sri Lanka frogmouth, Sri Lankan frogmouth or Ceylon frogmouth is a small frogmouth found in the Western Ghats of south India and Sri Lanka. Related to the nightjars, it is nocturnal and is found in forest habitats.
Great eared nightjar Great eared nightjar ( Lyncornis macrotis ) The great eared nightjar is a species of nightjar in the family Caprimulgidae. It is the largest species in the family in terms of length, which can range from 31 to 41 cm. Males weigh an average of 131 g and females weigh an average of 151 g so it the second heaviest species in the family after the nacunda nighthawk.
Grey nightjar Grey nightjar ( Caprimulgus jotaka ) The grey nightjar is a species of nightjar found in East Asia. It is sometimes treated as a subspecies of the jungle nightjar, its South Asian relative.
Large-tailed nightjar Large-tailed nightjar ( Caprimulgus macrurus ) The large-tailed nightjar is a species of nightjar in the family Caprimulgidae. It is found along the southern Himalayan foothills, eastern South Asia, Southeast Asia and northern Australia.
Jerdon's nightjar Jerdon's nightjar ( Caprimulgus atripennis ) Jerdon's nightjar is a medium-sized nightjar species which is found in southern India and Sri Lanka. Formerly considered as a subspecies of the long-tailed nightjar it is best recognized by its distinctive call which sounds like a wooden plank being beaten periodically with each note ending in a quaver.
Indian nightjar Indian nightjar ( Caprimulgus asiaticus ) The Indian nightjar is a small nightjar which is a resident breeder in open lands across South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Savanna nightjar Savanna nightjar ( Caprimulgus affinis ) The savanna nightjar is a species of nightjar found in South and Southeast Asia. Eight subspecies are recognised: C. a. monticolus, C. a. amoyensis, C. a. stictomus, C. a. affinis, C. a. timorensis, C. a. griseatus, C. a. mindanensis and C. a. propinquus. Its habitat is open forest and areas with scrub.
Rock pigeon Rock pigeon ( Columba livia ) The rock dove, rock pigeon, or common pigeon is a member of the bird family Columbidae. In common usage, this bird is often simply referred to as the "pigeon". The domestic pigeon, Columba livia domestica descended from this species.
Nilgiri wood pigeon Nilgiri wood pigeon ( Columba elphinstonii ) The Nilgiri wood pigeon is large pigeon found in the moist deciduous forests and sholas of the Western Ghats in southwestern India. They are mainly frugivorous and forage in the canopy of dense hill forests.
Pale-capped pigeon Pale-capped pigeon ( Columba punicea ) The pale-capped pigeon also known as the purple wood pigeon is a species of large pigeon that is found patchily distributed in parts of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It has a slow flight and spends a lot of time sitting still in the foliage of large fruiting trees, often in riverine forest on the plains
Oriental turtle dove Oriental turtle dove ( Streptopelia orientalis ) The oriental turtle dove or rufous turtle dove is a member of the bird family Columbidae. The species has a wide native distribution range from Europe, east across Asia to Japan. The populations show variations in the patterning of plumage and have been designated into at least six named subspecies.
Laughing dove Laughing dove ( Spilopelia senegalensis ) The laughing dove is a small pigeon that is a resident breeder in Africa, the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent. This small long-tailed dove is found in dry scrub and semi-desert habitats where pairs can often be seen feeding on the ground.
Spotted dove Spotted dove ( Spilopelia chinensis ) The spotted dove is a small and somewhat long-tailed pigeon that is a common resident breeding bird across its native range on the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The species has been introduced into many parts of the world and feral populations have become established.
Red collared dove Red collared dove ( Streptopelia tranquebarica ) The red turtle dove, also known as the red collared dove, is a small pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in the tropics of Asia.
Eurasian collared dove Eurasian collared dove ( Streptopelia decaocto ) The Eurasian collared dove is a dove species native to Europe and Asia, which has been introduced to North America. Because of its vast global range and increasing population trend, it has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2014. It is also called collared dove, and spelled Eurasian collared-dove
Emerald dove Emerald dove ( Chalcophaps indica ) The common emerald dove, Asian emerald dove, or grey-capped emerald dove is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent
Orange-breasted green pigeon Orange-breasted green pigeon ( Treron bicinctus ) The orange-breasted green pigeon is a pigeon found across tropical Asia south of the Himalaya across parts of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Like other green pigeons, it feeds mainly on small fruit. They may be found in pairs or in small flocks, foraging quietly and moving slowly on trees
Grey-fronted green pigeon Grey-fronted green pigeon ( Treron affinis ) The grey-fronted green pigeon is a pigeon in the genus Treron. It is found in the forests of the Western Ghats in India. Many authorities have split the species from the pompadour green pigeon complex
Yellow-footed green pigeon Yellow-footed green pigeon ( Treron phoenicoptera ) The yellow-footed green pigeon, also known as yellow-legged green pigeon, is a common species of green pigeon found in the Indian subcontinent. It is the state bird of Maharashtra. In Marathi it is called Hariyal. The species feeds on fruit, including many species of Ficus. They forage in flocks.
Green imperial pigeon Green imperial pigeon ( Ducula aenea ) The green imperial pigeon is a large forest pigeon.
Mountain imperial pigeon Mountain imperial pigeon ( Ducula badia ) The mountain imperial pigeon, also known as the maroon-backed imperial pigeon or Hodgson's imperial pigeon, is a species of bird in the pigeon and dove family with a wide range in south-eastern Asia.
Indian bustard Indian bustard ( Ardeotis nigriceps ) The great Indian bustard or Indian bustard is a bustard found on the Indian subcontinent. A large bird with a horizontal body and long bare legs, giving it an ostrich like appearance, this bird is among the heaviest of the flying birds.
Lesser florican Lesser florican ( Sypheotides indicus ) The lesser florican, also known as the likh or kharmore, is the smallest in bustard family and the only member of the genus Sypheotides. It is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent where it is found in tall grasslands and is best known for the leaping breeding displays made by the males during the Monsoon season
Sarus crane Sarus crane ( Grus antigone ) The sarus crane (Grus antigone) is a large non-migratory crane found in parts of the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia and Australia. It is the tallest flying bird, and can grow to 1.8 m (5.9 ft) tall. Its wingspan can be up to 2.4 metres (8 ft) and its weight 8.4 kg (18.5 lb). It lives in open wetlands
Demoiselle crane Demoiselle crane ( Grus virgo ) The demoiselle crane is a species of crane found in central Eurasia, ranging from the Black Sea to Mongolia and North Eastern China. There is also a small breeding population in Turkey. These cranes are migratory birds.
Common crane Common crane ( Grus grus ) The common crane, also known as the Eurasian crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes. A medium-sized species, it is the only crane commonly found in Europe besides the demoiselle crane.
Slaty-legged crake Slaty-legged crake ( Rallina eurizonoides ) The slaty-legged crake or banded crake is a waterbird in the rail and crake family, Rallidae.
Slaty-breasted rail Slaty-breasted rail ( Gallirallus striatus ) The slaty-breasted rail is a species of rail found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Breeding has been recorded in July near Dehradun in the foothills of the Indian Himalayas.
Water rail Water rail ( Rallus aquaticus ) The water rail is a bird of the rail family which breeds in well-vegetated wetlands across Europe, Asia and North Africa. Northern and eastern populations are migratory, but this species is a permanent resident in the warmer parts of its breeding range.
Brown crake Brown crake ( Amaurornis akool ) The brown crake (Amaurornis akool), or brown bush-hen, is a waterbird in the rail and crake family (Rallidae) found in South Asia. Its genus name, Amaurornis, comes from the Greek amauros, meaning "dusky" or "brown" and ornis, meaning "bird".
White-breasted waterhen White-breasted waterhen ( Amaurornis phoenicurus ) The white-breasted waterhen is a waterbird of the rail and crake family, Rallidae, that is widely distributed across South and Southeast Asia. They are dark slaty birds with a clean white face, breast and belly
Ruddy-breasted crake Ruddy-breasted crake ( Porzana fusca ) The ruddy-breasted crake, or ruddy crake, is a waterbird in the rail and crake family Rallidae. Its breeding habitat is swamps and similar wet areas across South Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to south China, Japan and Indonesia
Spotted crake Spotted crake ( Porzana porzana ) The spotted crake is a small waterbird of the family Rallidae. The scientific name is derived from Venetian terms for small rails. The spotted crake's breeding habitat is marshes and sedge beds across temperate Europe into western Asia. They nest in a dry location in marsh vegetation, laying 6–15 eggs.
Watercock Watercock ( Gallicrex cinerea ) The watercock is a waterbird in the rail and crake family, Rallidae. It is the only member of the genus Gallicrex. Traditionally held to be closely related to moorhens, it is actually member of a mostly tropical Asian clade containing also Aenigmatolimnas, Amaurornis, Himantornis and Megacrex.
Grey-headed swamphen Grey-headed swamphen ( Porphyrio poliocephalus ) Grey-headed swamphen is a species of swamphen occurring from the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent to southern China and northern Thailand.
Common moorhen Common moorhen ( Gallinula chloropus ) The common moorhen. It is distributed across many parts of the Old World. The common moorhen lives around well-vegetated marshes, ponds, canals and other wetlands. The species is not found in the polar regions or many tropical rainforests
Common coot Common coot ( Fulica atra ) The Eurasian coot, also known as the common coot, or Australian coot, is a member of the rail and crake bird family, the Rallidae. It is found in Europe, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and parts of Africa
Chestnut-bellied sandgrouse Chestnut-bellied sandgrouse ( Pterocles exustus ) The chestnut-bellied sandgrouse is a species of sandgrouse. They are found in sparse, bushy, arid land which is common in central and northern Africa, and southern Asia. Though they live in hot, arid climates, they are highly reliant on water.
Painted sandgrouse Painted sandgrouse ( Pterocles indicus ) The painted sandgrouse is a medium large bird in the sandgrouse family found in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan
Eurasian woodcock Eurasian woodcock ( Scolopax rusticola ) The Eurasian woodcock is a medium-small wading bird found in temperate and subarctic Eurasia. It has cryptic camouflage to suit its woodland habitat, with reddish-brown upperparts and buff-coloured underparts
Wood snipe Wood snipe ( Gallinago nemoricola ) The wood snipe is a species of snipe which breeds in the Himalayas of northern India, Nepal, Bhutan and southern China. In winter, it occurs at lower altitudes in the Himalayas, as a regular visitor in small numbers to north Vietnam
Pintail snipe Pintail snipe ( Gallinago stenura ) The pin-tailed snipe or pintail snipe is a species of bird in the family Scolopacidae, the sandpipers.
Swinhoe's snipe Swinhoe's snipe ( Gallinago megala ) Swinhoe's snipe, Gallinago megala, also known as forest snipe or Chinese snipe, is a medium-sized, long-billed, migratory wader. The common name commemorates the British naturalist Robert Swinhoe.
Common snipe Common snipe ( Gallinago gallinago ) The common snipe is a small, stocky wader native to the Old World. The scientific name gallinago is New Latin for a woodcock or snipe from Latin gallina, "hen" and the suffix -ago, "resembling". The breeding habitat is marshes, bogs, tundra and wet meadows throughout northern Europe and northern Asia
Jack snipe Jack snipe ( Lymnocryptes minimus ) The jack snipe/jacksnipe is a small stocky wader. It is the smallest snipe, and the only member of the genus Lymnocryptes. Features such as its sternum make it quite distinct from other snipes or woodcocks
Greater painted-snipe Greater painted-snipe ( Rostratula benghalensis ) The greater painted-snipe is a species of wader in the family Rostratulidae. It is found in marshes in Africa, South Asia and South-east Asia
Black-tailed godwit Black-tailed godwit ( Limosa limosa ) The black-tailed godwit is a large, long-legged, long-billed shorebird first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. It is a member of the godwit genus, Limosa.
Bar-tailed godwit Bar-tailed godwit ( Limosa lapponica ) The bar-tailed godwit is a large wader in the family Scolopacidae. The genus name Limosa is from Latin and means "muddy", from limus, "mud". The specific lapponica refers to Lapland. The English term "godwit" was first recorded in about 1416–7 and is believed to imitate the bird's call.
Whimbrel Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus ) The whimbrel is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is one of the most widespread of the curlews, breeding across much of subarctic North America, Asia and Europe as far south as Scotland
Eurasian curlew Eurasian curlew ( Numenius arquata ) The Eurasian curlew or common curlew is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is one of the most widespread of the curlews, breeding across temperate Europe and Asia. In Europe, this species is often referred to just as the "curlew", and in Scotland known as the "whaup" in Scots.
Spotted redshank Spotted redshank ( Tringa erythropus ) The spotted redshank is a wader in the large bird family Scolopacidae. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle.
Common redshank Common redshank ( Tringa totanus ) The common redshank or simply redshank is a Eurasian wader in the large family Scolopacidae. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle.
Marsh sandpiper Marsh sandpiper ( Tringa stagnatilis ) The marsh sandpiper is a small wader. It is a rather small shank, and breeds in open grassy steppe and taiga wetlands from easternmost Europe to central Asia.
Common greenshank Common greenshank ( Tringa nebularia ) The common greenshank is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae, the typical waders. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle
Green sandpiper Green sandpiper ( Tringa ochropus ) The green sandpiper is a small wader of the Old World. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle
Wood sandpiper Wood sandpiper ( Tringa glareola ) The wood sandpiper is a small wader. This Eurasian species is the smallest of the shanks, which are mid-sized long-legged waders of the family Scolopacidae
Terek sandpiper Terek sandpiper ( Xenus cinereus ) The Terek sandpiper is a small migratory Palearctic wader species and is the only member of the genus Xenus. It is named after the Terek River which flows into the west of the Caspian Sea, as it was first observed around this area
Common sandpiper Common sandpiper ( Actitis hypoleucos ) The common sandpiper is a small Palearctic wader. This bird and its American sister species, the spotted sandpiper, make up the genus Actitis. They are parapatric and replace each other geographically; stray birds of either species may settle down with breeders of the other and hybridize.
Ruddy turnstone Ruddy turnstone ( Arenaria interpres ) The ruddy turnstone is a small wading bird, one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria. The scientific name is from Latin. The genus name arenaria derives from arenarius, "inhabiting sand, from arena, "sand".
Asian dowitcher Asian dowitcher ( Limnodromus semipalmatus ) The Asian dowitcher is a rare medium-large wader.
Great knot Great knot ( Calidris tenuirostris ) The great knot is a small wader. It is the largest of the calidrid species. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific tenuirostris is from Latin tenuis "slender" and rostrum "bill".
Red knot Red knot ( Calidris canutus ) The red knot is a medium-sized shorebird which breeds in tundra and the Arctic Cordillera in the far north of Canada, Europe, and Russia. It is a large member of the Calidris sandpipers, second only to the great knot. Six subspecies are recognised.
Sanderling Sanderling ( Calidris alba ) The sanderling is a small wading bird. The name derives from Old English sand-yrðling, "sand-ploughman". The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific alba is Latin for "white"
Little stint Little stint ( Calidris minuta ) The little stint, is a very small wader. It breeds in arctic Europe and Asia, and is a long-distance migrant, wintering south to Africa and south Asia. It occasionally is a vagrant to North America and to Australia
Red-necked stint Red-necked stint ( Calidris ruficollis ) The red-necked stint is a small migratory wader. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific ruficollis is from Latin rufus, "red" and collum, "neck"
Temminck's stint Temminck's stint ( Calidris temminckii ) Temminck's stint is a small wader. This bird's common name and Latin binomial commemorate the Dutch naturalist Coenraad Jacob Temminck. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds.
Long-toed stint Long-toed stint ( Calidris subminuta ) The long-toed stint, Calidris subminuta, is a small wader. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific subminuta is from Latin sub, "near to" and minuta, "small" from its similarity to the little stint, Calidris minuta.
Dunlin Dunlin ( Calidris alpina ) The dunlin is a small wader, sometimes separated with the other "stints" in Erolia. The English name is a dialect form of "dunling", first recorded in 1531–2. It derives from dun, "dull brown", with the suffix -ling, meaning a person or thing with the given quality.
Curlew sandpiper Curlew sandpiper ( Calidris ferruginea ) The curlew sandpiper is a small wader that breeds on the tundra of Arctic Siberia. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds.
Spoon-billed sandpiper Spoon-billed sandpiper ( Calidris pygmaea ) The spoon-billed sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea) is a small wader which breeds in north-eastern Russia and winters in Southeast Asia. This species is highly threatened, and it is said that since the 1970s the breeding population has decreased significantly.
Broad-billed sandpiper Broad-billed sandpiper ( Limicola falcinellus ) The broad-billed sandpiper is a small wading bird. The scientific name is from Latin. The specific name falcinella is from falx, falcis, "a sickle. Some research suggests that it should rather go into the genus Philomachus.
Ruff Ruff ( Philomachus pugnax ) The ruff is a medium-sized wading bird that breeds in marshes and wet meadows across northern Eurasia. This highly gregarious sandpiper is migratory and sometimes forms huge flocks in its winter grounds, which include southern and western Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australia.
Red-necked phalarope Red-necked phalarope ( Phalaropus lobatus ) The red-necked phalarope is a small wader. This phalarope breeds in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. It is migratory, and, unusually for a wader, winters at sea on tropical oceans.
Pheasant-tailed jacana Pheasant-tailed jacana ( Hydrophasianus chirurgus ) The pheasant-tailed jacana is a jacana in the monotypic genus Hydrophasianus. Like all other jacanas they have elongated toes and nails that enable them to walk on floating vegetation in shallow lakes, their preferred habitat.
Bronze-winged jacana Bronze-winged jacana ( Metopidius indicus ) The bronze-winged jacana is a wader in the family Jacanidae. Like other jacanas it forages on lilies and other floating aquatic vegetation, the long feet spreading out its weight and preventing sinking. It is found across South and Southeast Asia and is the sole species in the genus Metopidius.
Eurasian thick-knee Eurasian thick-knee ( Burhinus oedicnemus ) The Eurasian stone curlew, Eurasian thick-knee, or simply stone-curlew is a northern species of the Burhinidae bird family. It is a fairly large wader though is mid-sized by the standards of its family.
Great thick-knee Great thick-knee ( Esacus recurvirostris ) The great stone-curlew or great thick-knee is a large wader which is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh into South-east Asia. This species prefers gravel banks along rivers or large lakes, and also beaches. A single egg is laid in a bare scrape on the open shingle
Eurasian oystercatcher Eurasian oystercatcher ( Haematopus ostralegus ) The Eurasian oystercatcher also known as the common pied oystercatcher, or palaearctic oystercatcher, or just oystercatcher, is a wader in the oystercatcher bird family Haematopodidae
Black-winged stilt Black-winged stilt ( Himantopus himantopus ) The black-winged stilt is a widely distributed very long-legged wader in the avocet and stilt family. The scientific name H. himantopus was formerly applied to a single, almost cosmopolitan species.
Pied avocet Pied avocet ( Recurvirostra avosetta ) The pied avocet is a large black and white wader in the avocet and stilt family, Recurvirostridae. They breed in temperate Europe and western and Central Asia. It is a migratory species and most winter in Africa or southern Asia.
Crab-plover Crab-plover ( Dromas ardeola ) The crab-plover or crab plover is a bird related to the waders, but sufficiently distinctive to merit its own family Dromadidae.
Pacific golden plover Pacific golden plover ( Pluvialis fulva ) The Pacific golden plover is a medium-sized plover. The genus name is Latin and means relating to rain, from pluvia, "rain". It was believed that golden plovers flocked when rain was imminent. The species name fulva is Latin and refers to a tawny colour.
Grey plover Grey plover ( Pluvialis squatarola ) The grey plover, known as the black-bellied plover in North America, is a medium-sized plover breeding in Arctic regions. It is a long-distance migrant, with a nearly worldwide coastal distribution when not breeding. The genus name is Latin and means relating to rain, from pluvia, "rain".
Common ringed plover Common ringed plover ( Charadrius hiaticula ) The common ringed plover or ringed plover is a small plover that breeds in Arctic Eurasia. The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate. It derives from Ancient Greek kharadrios a bird found in ravines and river valleys.
Little ringed plover Little ringed plover ( Charadrius dubius ) The little ringed plover is a small plover. The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate. It derives from Ancient Greek kharadrios a bird found in river valleys.
Kentish plover Kentish plover ( Charadrius alexandrinus ) The Kentish plover is a small cosmopolitan shorebird of the family Charadriidae that breeds on the shores of saline lakes, lagoons, and coasts, populating sand dunes, marshes, semi-arid desert, and tundra.
Lesser sand plover Lesser sand plover ( Charadrius mongolus ) The lesser sand plover is a small wader in the plover family of birds. The spelling is commonly given as lesser sand-plover, but the official British Ornithologists' Union spelling is "lesser sand plover". The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate.
Greater sand plover Greater sand plover ( Charadrius leschenaultii ) The greater sand plover is a small wader in the plover family of birds. The spelling is commonly given as "greater sandplover" or "greater sand-plover", but the official British Ornithologists' Union spelling is "Greater Sand Plover".
Yellow-wattled lapwing Yellow-wattled lapwing ( Vanellus malabaricus ) The yellow-wattled lapwing is a lapwing that is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent. It is found mainly on the dry plains of peninsular India and has a sharp call and is capable of fast flight. Although they do not migrate, they are known to make seasonal movements in response to rains.
River lapwing River lapwing ( Vanellus duvaucelii ) The river lapwing is a lapwing species which breeds from the Indian Subcontinent eastwards to Southeast Asia. It range includes much of northern and northeastern India, and extends through Southeast Asia to Vietnam. It appears to be entirely sedentary.
Red-wattled lapwing Red-wattled lapwing ( Vanellus indicus ) The red-wattled lapwing is an Asian lapwing or large plover, a wader in the family Charadriidae. Like other lapwings they are ground birds that are incapable of perching
Sociable lapwing Sociable lapwing ( Vanellus gregarius ) The sociable lapwing or sociable plover is a critically endangered wader in the lapwing family of birds. The genus name is Medieval Latin for a lapwing and derives from vannus a winnowing fan. The specific gregarius is Latin for "sociable" from grex, gregis, "flock".
White-tailed lapwing White-tailed lapwing ( Vanellus leucurus ) The white-tailed lapwing or white-tailed plover is a wader in the lapwing genus. The genus name Vanellus is Medieval Latin for a lapwing and derives from vannus a winnowing fan. The specific leucurus is from Ancient Greek leukouros, "white-tailed". This medium-sized lapwing is long-legged and fairly long-billed.
Jerdon's courser Jerdon's courser ( Rhinoptilus bitorquatus ) Jerdon's courser is a nocturnal bird belonging to the pratincole and courser family Glareolidae endemic to India. The bird was discovered by the surgeon-naturalist Thomas C. Jerdon in 1848 but not seen again until its rediscovery in 1986.
Indian courser Indian courser ( Cursorius coromandelicus ) The Indian courser is a species of courser found in mainland South Asia, mainly in the plains bounded by the Ganges and Indus river system. Like other coursers, it is a ground bird that can be found in small groups as they forage for insects in dry open semi-desert country.
Oriental pratincole Oriental pratincole ( Glareola maldivarum ) The oriental pratincole, also known as the grasshopper-bird or swallow-plover, is a wader in the pratincole family, Glareolidae.
Small pratincole Small pratincole ( Glareola lactea ) The small pratincole, little pratincole, or small Indian pratincole, is a small wader in the pratincole family, Glareolidae.
Pomarine jaeger Pomarine jaeger ( Stercorarius pomarinus ) The pomarine jaeger, pomarine skua, or pomatorhine skua, is a seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae. It is a migrant, wintering at sea in the tropical oceans
Parasitic jaeger Parasitic jaeger ( Stercorarius parasiticus ) The parasitic jaeger, also known as the Arctic skua, Arctic jaeger or parasitic skua, is a seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae. The word "jaeger" is derived from the German word Jäger, meaning "hunter".
Sooty gull Sooty gull ( Ichthyaetus hemprichii ) The sooty gull (Ichthyaetus hemprichii) is a species of gull in the family Laridae, also known as the Aden gull or Hemprich's gull.
Heuglin's gull Heuglin's gull ( Larus heuglini ) Heuglin's gull or Siberian gull is a seabird in the genus Larus. It is sometimes considered as a separate species but is now usually treated as a subspecies of the lesser black-backed gull.
Caspian gull Caspian gull ( Larus cachinnans ) The Caspian gull is a large gull and a member of the herring and lesser black-backed gull complex. The scientific name is from Latin. Larus appears to have referred to a gull or other large seabird, and cachinnans means "laughing", from cachinnare, "to laugh".
Pallas's gull Pallas's gull ( Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus ) Pallas's gull or great black-headed gull is a large gull. As is the case with many gulls, it has traditionally been placed in the genus Larus. The scientific name is from Ancient Greek. Ichthyaetus is from ikhthus, "fish", and aetos, "eagle".
Brown-headed gull Brown-headed gull ( Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus ) The brown-headed gull (Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus) is a small gull which breeds in the high plateaus of central Asia from Tajikistan to Ordos in Inner Mongolia. It is migratory, wintering on the coasts and large inland lakes of the Indian Subcontinent.
Black-headed gull Black-headed gull ( Chroicocephalus ridibundus ) The black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) is a small gull that breeds in much of Europe and Asia, and also in coastal eastern Canada.
Slender-billed gull Slender-billed gull ( Chroicocephalus genei ) The slender-billed gull (Chroicocephalus genei) is a mid-sized gull which breeds very locally around the Mediterranean and the north of the western Indian
Indian skimmer Indian skimmer ( Rynchops albicollis ) The Indian skimmer or Indian scissors-bill is one of the three species that belong to the skimmer genus Rynchops in the family Laridae.
Gull-billed tern Gull-billed tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica ) The gull-billed tern, formerly Sterna nilotica, is a tern in the family Laridae. The genus name is from Ancient Greek gelao, "to laugh", and khelidon, "swallow". The specific niloticus is from Latin and means of the Nile. The Australian gull-billed tern was previously considered a subspecies.
Caspian tern Caspian tern ( Hydroprogne caspia ) The Caspian tern is a species of tern, with a subcosmopolitan but scattered distribution. Despite its extensive range, it is monotypic of its genus, and has no accepted subspecies. The genus name is from Ancient Greek hudros, "water", and Latin progne, "swallow".
River tern River tern ( Sterna aurantia ) The Indian river tern or just river tern is a tern in the family Laridae. It is a resident breeder along inland rivers from Iran east into the Indian Subcontinent and further to Myanmar to Thailand, where it is uncommon.
Lesser crested tern Lesser crested tern ( Thalasseus bengalensis ) The lesser crested tern is a tern in the family, Laridae
Great crested tern Great crested tern ( Thalasseus bergii ) The greater crested tern, also called crested tern or swift tern, is a tern in the family Laridae that nests in dense colonies on coastlines and islands in the tropical and subtropical Old World.
Sandwich tern Sandwich tern ( Thalasseus sandvicensis ) The Sandwich tern is a tern in the family Laridae. It is very closely related to the lesser crested tern, Chinese crested tern, Cabot's tern, and elegant tern and has been known to interbreed with the lesser crested.
Roseate tern Roseate tern ( Sterna dougallii ) The roseate tern is a tern in the family Laridae. The genus name Sterna is derived from Old English "stearn", "tern", and the specific dougallii refers to Scottish physician and collector Dr Peter McDougall. "Roseate" refers to the bird's pink breast in breeding plumage.
Black-naped tern Black-naped tern ( Sterna sumatrana ) The black-naped tern is an oceanic tern mostly found in tropical and subtropical areas of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is rarely found inland.
Common tern Common tern ( Sterna hirundo ) The common tern is a seabird in the family Laridae. This bird has a circumpolar distribution, its four subspecies breeding in temperate and subarctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America. It is strongly migratory, wintering in coastal tropical and subtropical regions
Little tern Little tern ( Sternula albifrons ) he little tern is a seabird of the family Laridae. It was formerly placed into the genus Sterna, which now is restricted to the large white terns. The genus name is a diminutive of Sterna, "tern". The specific albifrons is from Latin albus, "white", and "frons", forehead. The former North American and Red Sea
Saunders's tern Saunders's tern ( Sternula saundersi ) Saunders's tern is a species of bird in the family Laridae. It is sparsely resident along the shores of the north-western Indian Ocean
White-cheeked tern White-cheeked tern ( Sterna repressa ) The white-cheeked tern is a species of tern in the family Laridae. It is found around the coasts on the Red Sea, around the Horn of Africa to Kenya, in the Persian Gulf and along the Iranian coast to Pakistan and western India.
Black-bellied tern Black-bellied tern ( Sterna acuticauda ) The black-bellied tern is a tern found near large rivers in the Indian subcontinent, its range extending from Pakistan, Nepal and India to Myanmar. It has become very scarce in the eastern part of its range and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being endangered
White tern White tern ( Gygis alba ) The white tern is a small seabird found across the tropical oceans of the world. It is sometimes known as the fairy tern although this name is potentially confusing as it is the common name of the fairy tern. Other names for the species include angel tern and white noddy in English, and manu-o-Kū in Hawai'ian
Bridled tern Bridled tern ( Onychoprion anaethetus ) The bridled tern is a seabird of the family Laridae. It is a bird of the tropical oceans. The scientific name is from Ancient Greek. The genus is onux meaning "claw", and prion, meaning "nail". The specific anaethetus means "senseless, stupid"
Sooty tern Sooty tern ( Onychoprion fuscatus ) The sooty tern (Onychoprion fuscatus) is a seabird in the family Laridae. It is a bird of the tropical oceans, breeding on islands throughout the equatorial zone.
Whiskered tern Whiskered tern ( Chlidonias hybrida ) The whiskered tern is a tern in the family Laridae. The genus name is from Ancient Greek khelidonios, "swallow-like", from khelidon, "swallow".
White-winged tern White-winged tern ( Chlidonias leucopterus ) The white-winged tern, or white-winged black tern, is a species of tern in the family Laridae. It is a small species generally found in or near bodies of fresh water across much of the world, including Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia.
Brown noddy Brown noddy ( Anous stolidus ) The brown noddy or common noddy is a seabird in the family Laridae. The largest of the noddies, it can be told from the closely related black noddy by its larger size and plumage, which is dark brown rather than black.
Lesser noddy Lesser noddy ( Anous tenuirostris ) The lesser noddy, also known as the sooty noddy, is a seabird in the family Laridae. It is found near the coastlines of Comoros, Kenya, India, Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Sri Lanka and United Arab Emirates. The lesser noddy was at one time considered as a subspecies of the black noddy.
Osprey Osprey ( Pandion haliaetus ) The osprey or more specifically the western osprey — also called sea hawk, river hawk, and fish hawk — is a diurnal, fish-eating bird of prey with a cosmopolitan range. It is a large raptor, reaching more than 60 cm in length and 180 cm across the wings
Jerdon's baza Jerdon's baza ( Aviceda jerdoni ) Jerdon's baza is a moderate sized brown hawk with a thin white-tipped black crest usually held erect. It is found in South-east Asia. It inhabits foothills in the terai and is rarer in evergreen forests and tea estates. The common name and Latin binomial commemorate the surgeon-naturalist Thomas C. Jerdon
Black baza Black baza ( Aviceda leuphotes ) The black baza is a small sized bird of prey found in the forests of the Northeast India, the eastern Himalayas, China and Southeast Asia. Many populations are migratory. The races in the Indian region are migratory, wintering in the south of the Peninsula and Sri Lanka.
Black-winged kite Black-winged kite ( Elanus caeruleus ) The black-winged kite, also known as the black-shouldered kite, is a small diurnal bird of prey in the family Accipitridae best known for its habit of hovering over open grasslands in the manner of the much smaller kestrels.
Black kite Black kite ( Milvus migrans ) The black kite is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors. It is thought to be the world's most abundant species of Accipitridae, although some populations have experienced dramatic declines or fluctuations.
Brahminy kite Brahminy kite ( Haliastur indus ) The brahminy kite, formerly known as the red-backed sea-eagle in Australia, is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors, such as eagles, buzzards, and harriers. They are found in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and Australia.
White-bellied sea eagle White-bellied sea eagle ( Haliaeetus leucoryphus ) Pallas's fish eagle, also known as Pallas's sea eagle or band-tailed fish eagle, is a large, brownish sea eagle. It breeds in northern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Pallas's fish eagle Pallas's fish eagle ( Haliaeetus leucoryphus ) Pallas's fish eagle, also known as Pallas's sea eagle or band-tailed fish eagle, is a large, brownish sea eagle. It breeds in northern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Grey-headed fish eagle Grey-headed fish eagle ( Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus ) The grey-headed fish eagle is a fish-eating bird of prey from South East Asia. It is a large stocky raptor with adults having dark brown upper body, grey head and lighter underbelly and white legs. Juveniles are paler with darker streaking. It is often confused with the lesser fish eagle and the Pallas's fish eagle.
Egyptian vulture Egyptian vulture ( Neophron percnopterus ) The Egyptian vulture, also called the white scavenger vulture or pharaoh's chicken, is a small Old World vulture and the only member of the genus Neophron. It is widely distributed; the Egyptian vulture is found from the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa to India.
White-rumped vulture White-rumped vulture ( Gyps bengalensis ) The white-rumped vulture is an Old World vulture native to South and Southeast Asia. It has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2000, as the population severely declined. White-rumped vultures die of renal failure caused by diclofenac poisoning.
Indian vulture Indian vulture ( Gyps indicus ) The Indian vulture is an Old World vulture native to India, Pakistan and Nepal. It has been listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2002, as the population severely declined. Indian vultures died of renal failure caused by diclofenac poisoning.
Eurasian griffon Eurasian griffon ( Gyps fulvus ) The griffon vulture is a large Old World vulture in the bird of prey family Accipitridae. It is also known as the Eurasian griffon. It is not to be confused with a different species, Rüppell's griffon vulture. It is closely related to the white-backed vulture.
Red-headed vulture Red-headed vulture ( Sarcogyps calvus ) The red-headed vulture, also known as the Asian king vulture, Indian black vulture or Pondicherry vulture, is an Old World vulture mainly found in the Indian subcontinent, with small disjunct populations in some parts of Southeast Asia
Black eagle Black eagle ( Ictinaetus malaiensis ) The black eagle is a bird of prey. Like all eagles, it is in the family Accipitridae, and is the only member of the genus Ictinaetus. They soar over forests in the hilly regions of tropical and subtropical South and Southeast Asia, as well as southeastern China
Short-toed snake eagle Short-toed snake eagle ( Circaetus gallicus ) The short-toed snake eagle, also known as short-toed eagle, is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, buzzards and harriers. The genus name Circaetus is from the Ancient Greek kirkos, a type of hawk, and aetos, "eagle"
Crested serpent eagle Crested serpent eagle ( Spilornis cheela ) The crested serpent eagle is a medium-sized bird of prey that is found in forested habitats across tropical Asia.
Indian spotted eagle Indian spotted eagle ( Clanga hastata ) The Indian spotted eagle is a large South Asian bird of prey. Like all typical eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae.
Greater spotted eagle Greater spotted eagle ( Clanga clanga ) The greater spotted eagle, occasionally just called the spotted eagle, is a large bird of prey. Like all typical eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. The scientific name clanga is from Ancient Greek κλαγγή, "scream".
Tawny eagle Tawny eagle ( Aquila rapax ) The tawny eagle is a large, long-lived bird of prey. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. It is estimated that tawny eagles can reach the age of 16 years old. It breeds in most of Africa, both north and south of the Sahara Desert, and across tropical southwestern Asia to India.
Steppe eagle Steppe eagle ( Aquila nipalensis ) The steppe eagle is a bird of prey. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. It was once considered to be closely related to the non-migratory tawny eagle and the two forms have previously been treated as conspecific.
Bonelli's eagle Bonelli's eagle ( Aquila fasciata ) The Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata) is a large bird of prey. The common name of the bird commemorates the Italian ornithologist and collector Franco Andrea Bonelli, who is credited with gathering the type specimen, mostly likely from an exploration of Sardinia.
Booted eagle Booted eagle ( Hieraaetus pennatus ) The booted eagle is a medium-sized mostly migratory bird of prey with a wide distribution in the Palearctic and southern Asia, wintering in the tropics of Africa and Asia, with a small, disjunct breeding population in south-western Africa. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae.
Rufous-bellied eagle Rufous-bellied eagle ( Lophotriorchis kienerii ) The rufous-bellied eagle or rufous-bellied hawk-eagle is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae that is found in the forested regions of tropical Asia.
Changeable hawk-eagle Changeable hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus ) The changeable hawk-eagle or crested hawk-eagle is a large bird of prey species of the family Accipitridae. More informal or antiquated English common names include the marsh hawk-eagle or Indian crested hawk-eagle.
Mountain hawk-eagle Mountain hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis ) The mountain hawk-eagle or, alternately, Hodgson's hawk-eagle is a large bird of prey native to Asia. The latter name is in reference to the naturalist, Brian Houghton Hodgson, who described the species after collecting one himself in the Himalayas.
Eurasian marsh harrier Eurasian marsh harrier ( Circus aeruginosus ) The western marsh harrier is a large harrier, a bird of prey from temperate and subtropical western Eurasia and adjacent Africa. It is also known as the Eurasian marsh harrier.
Pied harrier Pied harrier ( Circus melanoleucos ) The pied harrier is an Asian species of bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. It is migratory, breeding from the Amur valley in eastern Russia and north-eastern China to North Korea. Wintering individuals can be found in a wide area from Pakistan to Philippines.
Hen harrier Hen harrier ( Circus cyaneus ) The hen harrier is a bird of prey. The genus name Circus is derived from Ancient Greek kirkos, meaning 'circle', referring to a bird of prey named for its circling flight. The specific cyaneus is Latin, meaning "dark-blue".
Pallid harrier Pallid harrier ( Circus macrourus ) The pale or pallid harrier is a migratory bird of prey of the harrier family. The scientific name is derived from the Ancient Greek. Circus is from kirkos, referring to a bird of prey named for its circling flight, probably the hen harrier and macrourus is "long-tailed", from makros, "long" and -ouros "-tailed".
Montagu's harrier Montagu's harrier ( Circus pygargus ) Montagu's harrier is a migratory bird of prey of the harrier family. Its common name commemorates the British naturalist George Montagu.
Crested goshawk Crested goshawk ( Accipiter trivirgatus ) The crested goshawk is a bird of prey from tropical Asia. It is related to other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards and harriers, and thus placed in the family Accipitridae.
Shikra Shikra ( Accipiter badius ) The shikra is a small bird of prey in the family Accipitridae found widely distributed in Asia and Africa where it is also called the little banded goshawk. The African forms may represent a separate species but have usually been considered as subspecies of the shikra.
Besra Besra ( Accipiter virgatus ) The besra, also called the besra sparrowhawk is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. The besra is a widespread resident breeder in dense forests throughout southern Asia, ranging from the Indian subcontinent eastwards across Southeast Asia and into East Asia. It nests in trees, building a new nest each year.
Eurasian sparrowhawk Eurasian sparrowhawk ( Accipiter nisus ) The Eurasian sparrowhawk, also known as the northern sparrowhawk or simply the sparrowhawk, is a small bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. Adult male Eurasian sparrowhawks have bluish grey upperparts and orange-barred underparts; females and juveniles are brown above with brown barring below.
Crested honey buzzard Crested honey buzzard ( Pernis ptilorhynchus ) The crested honey buzzard is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, eagles, and harriers. This species is also known as the Oriental honey buzzard.
White-eyed buzzard White-eyed buzzard ( Butastur teesa ) The white-eyed buzzard is a medium-sized hawk, distinct from the true buzzards in the genus Buteo, found in South Asia. Adults have a rufous tail, a distinctive white iris, and a white throat bearing a dark mesial stripe bordered. The head is brown and the median coverts of the upper wing are pale.
Common buzzard Common buzzard ( Buteo buteo ) The common buzzard is a medium-to-large bird of prey which has a large range. A member of the genus Buteo, it is a member of the family Accipitridae. The species lives in most of Europe and extends its range into Asia, mainly western Russia. Over much of its range, it is a year-round resident.
Long-legged buzzard Long-legged buzzard ( Buteo rufinus ) The long-legged buzzard is a bird of prey in the genus Buteo. It is similar in appearance to the rough-legged buzzard, but it is larger and more robust.
Lesser kestrel Lesser kestrel ( Falco naumanni ) The lesser kestrel is a small falcon. This species breeds from the Mediterranean across Afghanistan and Central Asia, to China and Mongolia. It is a summer migrant, wintering in Africa and Pakistan and sometimes even to India and Iraq. It is rare north of its breeding range, and declining in its European range.
Common kestrel Common kestrel ( Falco tinnunculus ) The common kestrel is a bird of prey species belonging to the kestrel group of the falcon family Falconidae. It is also known as the European kestrel, Eurasian kestrel, or Old World kestrel. In Britain, where no other kestrel species occurs, it is generally just called "the kestrel".
Red-necked falcon Red-necked falcon ( Falco chicquera ) The red-necked falcon is a bird of prey in the falcon family with two disjunct populations, one in India and the other in Africa. This medium-sized falcon has bluish grey wings and upper body, a chestnut red cap with short chin straps passing through the eye
Amur falcon Amur falcon ( Falco amurensis ) The Amur falcon is a small raptor of the falcon family. It breeds in south-eastern Siberia and Northern China before migrating in large flocks across India and over the Arabian Sea to winter in Southern Africa. It was earlier treated as a subspecies of the red-footed falcon and known as the eastern red-footed falcon
Eurasian hobby Eurasian hobby ( Falco subbuteo ) The Eurasian hobby, or just simply hobby, is a small, slim falcon. It belongs to a rather close-knit group of similar falcons often considered a subgenus Hypotriorchis
Oriental hobby Oriental hobby ( Falco severus ) The Oriental hobby is a species of falcon typically 27–30 cm long. It can be found in the northern parts of the Indian Subcontinent, across the eastern Himalayas and ranges southwards through Indochina to Australasia. It has been recorded as a vagrant from Malaysia
Laggar falcon Laggar falcon ( Falco jugger ) The laggar falcon is a mid-sized bird of prey which occurs in the Indian subcontinent from extreme southeastern Iran, southeastern Afghanistan, Pakistan, through India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and northwestern Myanmar. It resembles the lanner falcon but is darker overall, and has blackish "trousers".
Peregrine falcon Peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus ) The peregrine falcon, also known as the peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a widespread bird of prey in the family Falconidae. A large, crow-sized falcon, it has a blue-grey back, barred white underparts, and a black head.
Little grebe Little grebe ( Tachybaptus ruficollis ) The little grebe, also known as dabchick, is a member of the grebe family of water birds. The genus name is from Ancient Greek takhus "fast" and bapto "to sink under". The specific ruficollis is from Latin rufus "red" and Modern Latin -collis, "-necked", itself derived from Latin collum "neck".
Little cormorant Little cormorant ( Microcarbo niger ) The little cormorant (Microcarbo niger) is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. Slightly smaller than the Indian cormorant it lacks a peaked head and has a shorter beak. It is widely distributed across the Indian Subcontinent and extends east to Java, where it is sometimes called the Javanese cormorant.
Indian cormorant Indian cormorant ( Phalacrocorax fuscicollis ) The Indian cormorant or Indian shag is a member of the cormorant family. It is found mainly along the inland waters of the Indian Subcontinent but extending west to Sind and east to Thailand and Cambodia
Great cormorant Great cormorant ( Phalacrocorax carbo ) The great cormorant, known as the great black cormorant across the Northern Hemisphere, the black cormorant in Australia, the large cormorant in India and the black shag further south in New Zealand, is a widespread member of the cormorant family of seabirds.
Darter Darter ( Anhingidae ) The darters, anhingas, or snakebirds are mainly tropical waterbirds in the family Anhingidae, which contains a single genus, Anhinga. There are four living species, three of which are very common and widespread while the fourth is rarer and classified as near-threatened by the IUCN.
Red-billed tropicbird Red-billed tropicbird ( Phaethon aethereus ) The red-billed tropicbird is a tropicbird, one of three closely related species of seabird of tropical oceans. Superficially resembling a tern in appearance, it has mostly white plumage with some black markings on the wings and back, a black mask and, as its common name suggests, a red bill.
White-tailed tropicbird White-tailed tropicbird ( Phaethon lepturus ) The white-tailed tropicbird is a tropicbird. It is the smallest of three closely related seabirds of the tropical oceans and smallest member of the order Phaethontiformes. It is found in the tropical Atlantic, western Pacific and Indian Oceans
Masked booby Masked booby ( Sula dactylatra ) The masked booby, also called the masked gannet or the blue-faced booby, is a large seabird of the booby and gannet family, Sulidae. First described by the French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson in 1831, the masked booby is one of six species of booby in the genus Sula.
Brown booby Brown booby ( Sula leucogaster ) The brown booby is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae, of which it is perhaps the most common and widespread species. It has a pantropical range, which overlaps with that of other booby species. The gregarious brown booby commutes and forages at low height over inshore waters
Red-footed booby Red-footed booby ( Sula sula ) The red-footed booby is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae. Adults always have red feet, but the colour of the plumage varies. They are powerful and agile fliers, but they are clumsy in takeoffs and landings. They are found widely in the tropics, and breed colonially in coastal regions, especially islands
Little egret Little egret ( Egretta garzetta ) The little egret is a species of small heron in the family Ardeidae. The genus name comes from the Provençal French Aigrette, "egret", a diminutive of Aigron," heron". The species epithet garzetta is from the Italian name for this bird, garzetta or sgarzetta
Western reef egret Western reef egret ( Egretta gularis ) The western reef heron also called the western reef egret, is a medium-sized heron found in southern Europe, Africa and parts of Asia.
Eastern great egret Eastern great egret ( Ardea alba modesta ) The eastern great egret, a white heron in the genus Ardea, is usually considered a subspecies of the great egret. It was first described by British ornithologist John Edward Gray in
Intermediate egret Intermediate egret ( Ardea intermedia ) The intermediate egret, median egret, smaller egret, or yellow-billed egret is a medium-sized heron. Some taxonomists put the species in the genus Egretta or Mesophoyx. It is a resident breeder from east Africa across the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia and Australia.
Cattle egret Cattle egret ( Bubulcus ibis ) The cattle egret is a cosmopolitan species of heron found in the tropics, subtropics, and warm-temperate zones. It is the only member of the monotypic genus Bubulcus, although some authorities regard two of its subspecies as full species, the western cattle egret and the eastern cattle egret.
Grey heron Grey heron ( Ardea cinerea ) The grey heron is a long-legged predatory wading bird of the heron family, Ardeidae, native throughout temperate Europe and Asia and also parts of Africa. It is resident in much of its range, but some populations from the more northern parts migrate southwards in autumn
Purple heron Purple heron ( Ardea purpurea ) The purple heron is a wide-ranging species of wading bird in the heron family, Ardeidae. The scientific name comes from Latin ardea "heron", and purpureus, "coloured purple". It breeds in Africa, central and southern Europe, and southern and eastern Asia.
Indian pond heron Indian pond heron ( Ardeola grayii ) The Indian pond heron or paddybird is a small heron. It is of Old World origins, breeding in southern Iran and east to the Indian subcontinent, Burma, and Sri Lanka
Little heron Little heron ( Butorides striata ) The striated heron also known as mangrove heron, little heron or green-backed heron, is a small heron, about 44 cm tall. Striated herons are mostly non-migratory and noted for some interesting behavioral traits.
Black-crowned night heron Black-crowned night heron ( Nycticorax nycticorax ) The black-crowned night heron, or black-capped night heron, commonly shortened to just night heron in Eurasia, is a medium-sized heron found throughout a large part of the world, except in the coldest regions and Australasia.
Malayan night heron Malayan night heron ( Gorsachius melanolophus ) The Malayan night heron, also known as Malaysian night heron and tiger bittern, is a medium-sized heron. It is distributed in southern and eastern Asia.
Yellow bittern Yellow bittern ( Ixobrychus sinensis ) The yellow bittern is a small bittern. It is of Old World origins, breeding in the northern Indian Subcontinent, east to Japan and Indonesia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances.
Cinnamon bittern Cinnamon bittern ( Ixobrychus cinnamomeus ) The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern is a small Old World bittern, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances.
Black bittern Black bittern ( Ixobrychus flavicollis ) The black bittern is a bittern of Old World origin, breeding in tropical Asia from Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka east to China, Indonesia, and Australia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances.
Great bittern Great bittern ( Botaurus stellaris ) The Eurasian bittern or great bittern is a wading bird in the bittern subfamily of the heron family Ardeidae. There are two subspecies, the northern race breeding in parts of Europe and Asia, as well as on the northern coast of Africa, while the southern race is endemic to parts of southern Africa.
Greater flamingo Greater flamingo ( Phoenicopterus roseus ) The greater flamingo is the most widespread and largest species of the flamingo family. It is found in Africa, on the Indian subcontinent, in the Middle East, and in southern Europe.
Lesser flamingo Lesser flamingo ( Phoeniconaias minor ) The lesser flamingo is a species of flamingo occurring in sub-Saharan Africa, with another population in India. Birds are occasionally reported from further north, but these are generally considered vagrants. It was moved from the genus Phoeniconaias to Phoenicoparrus in 2014.
Glossy ibis Glossy ibis ( Plegadis falcinellus ) The glossy ibis is a wading bird in the ibis family Threskiornithidae. The scientific name derives from Ancient Greek plegados and Latin, falcis, both meaning "sickle" and referring to the distinctive shape of the bill.
Black-headed ibis Black-headed ibis ( Threskiornis melanocephalus ) The black-headed ibis, also known as the Oriental white ibis, Indian white ibis, and black-necked ibis, is a species of wading bird of the ibis family Threskiornithidae which breeds in the South- and Southeast Asia from India to the west and as far east as Japan.
Black ibis Black ibis ( Pseudibis papillosa ) The red-naped ibis also known as the Indian black ibis or black ibis is a species of ibis found in the plains of the Indian Subcontinent. Unlike other ibises in the region it is not very dependent on water and is often found in dry fields a good distance away from water.
Eurasian spoonbill Eurasian spoonbill ( Platalea leucorodia ) The Eurasian spoonbill, or common spoonbill, is a wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae.
Painted stork Painted stork ( Mycteria leucocephala ) The painted stork is a large wader in the stork family. It is found in the wetlands of the plains of tropical Asia south of the Himalayas in the Indian Subcontinent and extending into Southeast Asia. Their distinctive pink tertial feathers of the adults give them their name.
Asian openbill Asian openbill ( Anastomus oscitans ) The Asian openbill or Asian openbill stork is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. This distinctive stork is found mainly in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Woolly-necked stork Woolly-necked stork ( Ciconia episcopus ) The woolly-necked stork or whitenecked stork is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. It breeds singly, or in small loose colonies. It is distributed in a wide variety of habitats including marshes in forests, agricultural areas, and freshwater wetlands.
White stork White stork ( Ciconia ciconia ) The white stork is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. Its plumage is mainly white, with black on its wings. Adults have long red legs and long pointed red beaks, and measure on average 100–115 cm from beak tip to end of tail, with a 155–215 cm wingspan.
Black stork Black stork ( Ciconia nigra ) The black stork is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae.
Black-necked stork Black-necked stork ( Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus ) The black-necked stork is a tall long-necked wading bird in the stork family. It is a resident species across the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia with a disjunct population in Australia. It lives in wetland habitats and certain crops such as rice and wheat where it forages for a wide range of animal prey.
Lesser adjutant Lesser adjutant ( Leptoptilos javanicus ) The lesser adjutant is a large wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. Like other members of its genus, it has a bare neck and head. It is however more closely associated with wetland habitats where it is solitary and is less likely to scavenge than the related greater adjutant.
Greater adjutant Greater adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius ) The greater adjutant is a member of the stork family, Ciconiidae. Its genus includes the lesser adjutant of Asia and the marabou stork of Africa.
Great white pelican Great white pelican ( Pelecanus onocrotalus ) he great white pelican also known as the eastern white pelican, rosy pelican or white pelican is a bird in the pelican family. It breeds from southeastern Europe through Asia and Africa, in swamps and shallow lakes.
Spot-billed pelican Spot-billed pelican ( Pelecanus philippensis ) The spot-billed pelican or grey pelican, is a member of the pelican family. It breeds in southern Asia from southern Pakistan across India east to Indonesia. It is a bird of large inland and coastal waters, especially large lakes.
Great frigatebird Great frigatebird ( Fregata minor ) The great frigatebird is a large seabird in the frigatebird family. There are major nesting populations in the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, as well as a tiny population in the South Atlantic. The great frigatebird is a lightly built, large seabird up to 105 cm long with predominantly black plumage.
Lesser frigatebird Lesser frigatebird ( Fregata ariel ) The lesser frigatebird is a seabird of the frigatebird family Fregatidae. At around 75 cm in length, it is the smallest species of frigatebird. It occurs over tropical and subtropical waters across the Indian and Pacific Oceans as well as off the Atlantic coast of Brazil.
Wedge-tailed shearwater Wedge-tailed shearwater ( Puffinus pacificus ) The wedge-tailed shearwater is a medium-large shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae. It is one of the shearwater species that is sometimes referred to as a muttonbird, like the sooty shearwater of New Zealand and the short-tailed shearwater of Australia.
Flesh-footed shearwater Flesh-footed shearwater ( Puffinus carneipes ) The flesh-footed shearwater is a medium-sized shearwater. Its plumage is black. It has pale pinkish feet, and a pale bill with a distinct black tip.
Audubon's shearwater Audubon's shearwater ( Puffinus lherminieri ) Audubon's shearwater is a common tropical seabird in the petrel family. Sometimes known as the dusky-backed shearwater, the specific epithet honours the French naturalist Félix Louis L'Herminier.
Wilson's storm petrel Wilson's storm petrel ( Oceanites oceanicus ) Wilson's storm petrel, also known as Wilson's petrel, is a small seabird of the austral storm petrel family Oceanitidae.
Swinhoe's storm petrel Swinhoe's storm petrel ( Oceanodroma monorhis ) Swinhoe's storm petrel, also known as Swinhoe's petrel, is a small, all-brown seabird of the storm petrel family Hydrobatidae. The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek. Hydrobates is from hydro, "water", and bates, "walker", and monorhis is from monos, "single" and rhinos, "nostril".
Indian pitta Indian pitta ( Pitta brachyura ) The Indian pitta is a passerine bird native to the Indian subcontinent. It inhabits scrub jungle, deciduous and dense evergreen forest. It breeds in the forests of the Himalayas, hills of central and western India, and migrates to other parts of the peninsula in winter.
Asian fairy bluebird Asian fairy bluebird ( Irena puella ) The Asian fairy-bluebird is a medium-sized, arboreal passerine bird. This fairy-bluebird is found in forests across tropical southern Asia, Indochina, the Greater Sundas and Palawan. Two or three eggs are laid in a small cup nest in a tree. It was described by British ornithologist John Latham in 1790.
Blue-winged leafbird Blue-winged leafbird ( Chloropsis cochinchinensis ) The blue-winged leafbird is a species of leafbird found in forest and second growth throughout Southeast Asia as far east as Borneo and as far south as Java.
Golden-fronted leafbird Golden-fronted leafbird ( Chloropsis aurifrons ) The golden-fronted leafbird is a species of leafbird. It is found from the Indian subcontinent and south-western China, to south-east Asia and Sumatra. It builds its nest in a tree, laying 2-3 eggs. This species eats insects and berries.
Rufous-tailed shrike Rufous-tailed shrike ( Lanius isabellinus ) The isabelline shrike or Daurian shrike is a member of the shrike family. It was previously considered conspecific with the red-backed shrike and red-tailed shrike.
Brown shrike Brown shrike ( Lanius cristatus ) The brown shrike is a bird in the shrike family that is found mainly in Asia. It is closely related to the red-backed shrike and isabelline shrike. The genus name, Lanius, is derived from the Latin word for "butcher", and some shrikes are also known as "butcher birds" because of their feeding habits.
Bay-backed shrike Bay-backed shrike ( Lanius vittatus ) The bay-backed shrike is a member of the bird family Laniidae, the shrikes, resident in South Asia.
Long-tailed shrike Long-tailed shrike ( Lanius schach ) The long-tailed shrike or rufous-backed shrike is a member of the bird family Laniidae, the shrikes. They are found widely distributed across Asia and there are variations in plumage across the range. The species ranges across much of Asia, both on the mainland and the eastern archipelagos.
Great grey shrike Great grey shrike ( Lanius excubitor ) The great grey shrike, known as the northern shrike in North America, is a large songbird species in the shrike family. It forms a superspecies with its parapatric southern relatives, the Iberian grey shrike, the Chinese grey shrike and the loggerhead shrike.
Rufous treepie Rufous treepie ( Dendrocitta vagabunda ) The rufous treepie is a treepie, native to the Indian Subcontinent and adjoining parts of Southeast Asia. It is a member of the crow family, Corvidae. It is long tailed and has loud musical calls making it very conspicuous. It is found commonly in open scrub, agricultural areas, forests as well as urban gardens.
Grey treepie Grey treepie ( Dendrocitta formosae ) The grey treepie, also known as the Himalayan treepie, is an Asian treepie, a medium-sized and long-tailed member of the crow family. They are widely distributed along the foothills of the Himalayas in the Indian Subcontinent and extending into Indochina, southern mainland China and Taiwan.
White-bellied treepie White-bellied treepie ( Dendrocitta leucogastra ) The white-bellied treepie is a bird of the crow family endemic to the forests of southern India. They overlap in distribution in some areas with the rufous treepie but are easily to tell apart both from appearance and call.
House crow House crow ( Corvus splendens ) The house crow, also known as the Indian, greynecked, Ceylon or Colombo crow, is a common bird of the crow family that is of Asian origin but now found in many parts of the world, where they arrived assisted by shipping. It is between the jackdaw and the carrion crow in size but is slimmer than either.
Large-billed crow Large-billed crow ( Corvus macrorhynchos ) The large-billed crow, formerly widely referred to as the jungle crow, is a widespread Asian species of crow. It is very adaptable and is able to survive on a wide range of food sources, making it capable of colonizing new areas, due to which it is often considered a nuisance, especially on islands.
Indian golden oriole Indian golden oriole ( Oriolus kundoo ) The Indian golden oriole is a species of oriole found in the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. The species was formerly considered to be a subspecies of the Eurasian golden oriole, but is now considered a full species.
Black-naped oriole Black-naped oriole ( Oriolus chinensis ) The black-naped oriole is a passerine bird in the oriole family that is found in many parts of Asia. There are several distinctive populations within the wide distribution range of this species and in the past the slender-billed oriole was included as a subspecies.
Black-hooded oriole Black-hooded oriole ( Oriolus xanthornus ) The black-hooded oriole is a member of the oriole family of passerine birds and is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia. It is a bird of open woodland and cultivation. The nest is built in a tree, and contains two eggs.
Ashy woodswallow Ashy woodswallow ( Artamus fuscus ) The ashy woodswallow sometimes also called the ashy swallow-shrike is a woodswallow which is found in south Asia. Like other woodswallows, it has a short curve bill and a short square tail and long wings
Large cuckooshrike Large cuckooshrike ( Coracina macei ) The large cuckooshrike is a species of cuckooshrike found in the Indian Subcontinent and depending on the taxonomic treatment used, Southeast Asia. The species has had a long and varied taxonomic treatment, being closely related to forms across Southeast Asia, with some authors using the name Indian cuckooshrike.
Black-winged cuckooshrike Black-winged cuckooshrike ( Coracina melaschistos ) The black-winged cuckooshrike or lesser grey cuckooshrike or dark grey cuckooshrike (Lalage melaschistos) is a species of cuckooshrike found in South to Southeast Asia. Despite the name, they ( cuckooshrikes ) are unrelated to shrikes or cuckoos.
Black-headed cuckooshrike Black-headed cuckooshrike ( Coracina melanoptera ) The black-headed cuckooshrike is a species of cuckooshrike found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Rosy minivet Rosy minivet ( Pericrocotus roseus ) The rosy minivet is a species of bird in the family Campephagidae. The male is distinguished from other minivets by having a deep pink/light red shade in wings and tail and the female having an olive/olive yellow rump as against bright yellow in other minivets. Both male and female are grey above.
Ashy minivet Ashy minivet ( Pericrocotus divaricatus ) The ashy minivet is a passerine bird of eastern Asia belonging to the minivet genus Pericrocotus in the cuckooshrike family Campephagidae. While most of the minivets have shades of yellow, orange and red in their plumage, this species has only greys, whites and blacks.
Small minivet Small minivet ( Pericrocotus cinnamomeus ) The small minivet is a small passerine bird. This minivet is found in tropical southern Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to Indonesia.
White-bellied minivet White-bellied minivet ( Pericrocotus erythropygius ) The white-bellied minivet is a species of minivet found in Nepal and India, mostly in dry deciduous forest. The species is characterized by stable population trend and extent of occurrence of more than 20 thousand km²
Scarlet minivet Scarlet minivet ( Pericrocotus speciosus ) The scarlet minivet is a small passerine bird. This minivet is found in tropical southern Asia from India to southern China, Indonesia, and the Philippines. They are common resident breeding birds in forests and other well-wooded habitats including gardens, especially in hilly country.
Bar-winged flycatcher-shrike Bar-winged flycatcher-shrike ( Hemipus picatus ) The bar-winged flycatcher-shrike is a small passerine bird usually placed in the Vangidae. It is found in the forests of tropical southern Asia from the Himalayas and hills of southern India to Indonesia.
Black drongo Black drongo ( Dicrurus macrocercus ) The black drongo is a small Asian passerine bird of the drongo family Dicruridae. It is a common resident breeder in much of tropical southern Asia from southwest Iran through India and Sri Lanka east to southern China and Indonesia and accidental visitor of Japan.
Ashy drongo Ashy drongo ( Dicrurus leucophaeus ) The ashy drongo is a species of bird in the drongo family Dicruridae. It is found widely distributed across South and Southeast Asia with several populations that vary in the shade of grey, migration patterns and in the size or presence of white patches around the eye.
White-bellied drongo White-bellied drongo ( Dicrurus caerulescens ) The white-bellied drongo is a species of drongo found across the Indian Subcontinent. Like other members of the family Dicruridae they are insectivorous and is mainly black in colour but with a white belly and vent.
Bronzed drongo Bronzed drongo ( Dicrurus aeneus ) The bronzed drongo is a small Indomalayan bird belonging to the drongo group. They are resident in the forests of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. They capture insects flying in the shade of the forest canopy by making aerial sallies from their perches
Spangled drongo Spangled drongo ( Dicrurus bracteatus ) The spangled drongo is a bird of the family Dicruridae. It is the only drongo to be found in Australia where it can be recognised by its black, iridescent plumage and by its characteristic forked tail. It feeds on insects and small vertebrates. It has complex and varied calls and is a mimic of the sounds it hears.
Greater racket-tailed drongo Greater racket-tailed drongo ( Dicrurus paradiseus ) The greater racket-tailed drongo is a medium-sized Asian bird which is distinctive in having elongated outer tail feathers with webbing restricted to the tips. They are placed along with other drongos in the family Dicruridae.
White-throated fantail White-throated fantail ( Rhipidura albicollis ) The white-throated fantail is a small passerine bird. It is found in forest, scrub and cultivation across tropical southern Asia from the Himalayas, India and Bangladesh east to Indonesia. The white-spotted fantail until recently was considered a subspecies.
White-browed fantail White-browed fantail ( Rhipidura aureola ) The white-browed fantail is a small passerine bird belonging to the family Rhipiduridae.
Black-naped monarch Black-naped monarch ( Hypothymis azurea ) The black-naped monarch or black-naped blue flycatcher is a slim and agile passerine bird belonging to the family of monarch flycatchers found in southern and south-eastern Asia.
Indian paradise flycatcher Indian paradise flycatcher ( Terpsiphone paradisi ) The Indian paradise flycatcher is a medium-sized passerine bird native to Asia, where it is widely distributed. As the global population is considered stable, it has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2004. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and Myanmar.
Common iora Common iora ( Aegithina tiphia ) The common iora is a small passerine bird found across the tropical Indian subcontinent with populations showing plumage variations, some of which are designated as subspecies. A species found in scrub and forest, it is easily detected from its loud whistles and the bright colours
Large woodshrike Large woodshrike ( Tephrodornis gularis ) The large woodshrike is found in south-eastern Asia, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. Its natural habitats are temperate forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.
Common woodshrike Common woodshrike ( Tephrodornis pondicerianus ) The common woodshrike is a species of bird found in Asia. It is now usually considered a member of the family Vangidae. It is small and ashy brown with a dark cheek patch and a broad white brow.
Blue-capped rock thrush Blue-capped rock thrush ( Monticola cinclorhynchus ) The blue-capped rock thrush is a species of chat.
Blue rock thrush Blue rock thrush ( Monticola solitarius ) The blue rock thrush is a species of chat. This thrush-like Old World flycatcher was formerly placed in the family Turdidae. It breeds in southern Europe, northwest Africa, and from central Asia to northern China and Malaysia.
Malabar whistling thrush Malabar whistling thrush ( Myophonus horsfieldii ) The Malabar whistling thrush is a whistling thrush in the family Muscicapidae. They are also known locally by the name of whistling schoolboy for the whistling calls that they make at dawn that have a very human quality
Pied thrush Pied thrush ( Geokichla wardii ) The pied thrush is a member of the thrush family found in India and Sri Lanka. The males are conspicuously patterned in black and white while the females are olive brown and speckled. They breed in the central Himalayan forests and winter in the hill forests of southern India and Sri Lanka.
Orange-headed thrush Orange-headed thrush ( Geokichla citrina ) The orange-headed thrush is a bird in the thrush family. It is common in well-wooded areas of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Most populations are resident. The species shows a preference for shady damp areas, and like many Zoothera thrushes, can be quite secretive.
Scaly thrush Scaly thrush ( Zoothera dauma ) The scaly thrush is a member of the thrush family Turdidae.
Tickell's thrush Tickell's thrush ( Turdus unicolor ) Tickell's thrush is a passerine bird in the thrush family Turdidae. It is common in open forest in the Himalayas, and migrates seasonally into peninsular India. Males of this small thrush have uniform blue-grey upperparts, and a whitish belly and vent.
Eurasian blackbird Eurasian blackbird ( Turdus merula ) The common blackbird is a species of true thrush. It is also called Eurasian blackbird, or simply blackbird where this does not lead to confusion with a similar-looking local species. It breeds in Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and has been introduced to Australia and New Zealand
Asian brown flycatcher Asian brown flycatcher ( Muscicapa latirostris ) The Asian brown flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae. The word Muscicapa comes from the Latin musca, a fly and capere, to catch. The specific dauurica refers to Dauria, an area of south-eastern Siberia named after a local nomadic tribe.
Rusty-tailed flycatcher Rusty-tailed flycatcher ( Muscicapa ruficauda ) The rusty-tailed flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae. It is found mainly in the northern regions of the Indian Subcontinent and some parts of southwest India, as well as pockets of Central Asia including Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
Brown-breasted flycatcher Brown-breasted flycatcher ( Muscicapa muttui ) The brown-breasted flycatcher or Layard's flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae. The species breeds in north eastern India, central and Southern China and northern Burma and Thailand, and migrates to southern India and Sri Lanka.
Red-throated flycatcher Red-throated flycatcher ( Ficedula parva ) The red-breasted flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the Old World flycatcher family. It breeds in eastern Europe and across central Asia and is migratory, wintering in south Asia. It is a regular passage migrant in western Europe, whereas the collared flycatcher which breeds further west is rare.
Kashmir flycatcher Kashmir flycatcher ( Ficedula subrubra ) The Kashmir flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the flycatcher family Muscicapidae. At one time it was considered to be a subspecies of the red-breasted flycatcher, Ficedula parva. This is an insectivorous species which breeds in the north-west Himalayas in the Kashmir region of the Indian Subcontinent.
Ultramarine flycatcher Ultramarine flycatcher ( Ficedula superciliaris ) The ultramarine flycatcher or the white-browed blue flycatcher is a small arboreal Old World flycatcher in the ficedula family that breeds in the foothills of the Himalayas and winters in southern India.
Black-and-orange flycatcher Black-and-orange flycatcher ( Ficedula nigrorufa ) The black-and-orange flycatcher or black-and-rufous flycatcher is a species of flycatcher endemic to the central and southern Western Ghats, the Nilgiris and Palni hill ranges in southern India.
Yellow-rumped flycatcher Yellow-rumped flycatcher ( Ficedula zanthopygia ) The yellow-rumped flycatcher, Korean flycatcher or tricolor flycatcher is a species of flycatcher found in eastern Asia. A distinctive species with almost no look-alike other than the narcissus flycatcher. It breeds in eastern Asia including parts of Mongolia, Transbaikal, southern China, Korea and western Japan
White-bellied shortwing White-bellied shortwing ( Myiomela albiventris ) The white-bellied blue robin or white-bellied sholakili refers to a kind of bird in the family Muscicapidae endemic to the Shola forests of the higher hills of southern India.
Siberian rubythroat Siberian rubythroat ( Luscinia calliope ) The Siberian rubythroat is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family, Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher of the family Muscicapidae. The Siberian rubythroat and similar small European species are often called chats.
Bluethroat Bluethroat ( Luscinia svecica ) The bluethroat is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. It, and similar small European species, are often called chats
Indian blue robin Indian blue robin ( Luscinia brunnea ) The Indian blue robin is a small bird found in the Indian Subcontinent. Formerly considered a thrush, it is now considered one of the Old World flycatchers in the family Muscicapidae. It was earlier also called the Indian blue chat.
Oriental magpie robin Oriental magpie robin ( Copsychus saularis ) The oriental magpie-robin is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but now considered an Old World flycatcher. They are distinctive black and white birds with a long tail that is held upright as they forage on the ground or perch conspicuously.
White-rumped shama White-rumped shama ( Copsychus malabaricus ) The white-rumped shama (Copsychus malabaricus) is a small passerine bird of the family Muscicapidae. Native to densely vegetated habitats in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, its popularity as a cage-bird and songster has led to it being introduced elsewhere.
Brown rock-chat Brown rock-chat ( Cercomela fusca ) The brown rock chat or Indian chat is a bird in the chat subfamily and is found mainly in northern and central India. It is often found on old buildings and rocky areas. It resembles a female Indian robin but lacks the reddish vent and differs in posture and behaviour apart from being larger.
Chestnut-tailed starling Chestnut-tailed starling ( Sturnia malabarica ) The chestnut-tailed starling or grey-headed myna is a member of the starling family. It is a resident or partially migratory species found in wooded habitats in India and Southeast Asia. The species name is after the distribution of a former subspecies in the Malabar region.
Brahminy starling Brahminy starling ( Sturnia pagodarum ) The brahminy myna or brahminy starling is a member of the starling family of birds. It is usually seen in pairs or small flocks in open habitats on the plains of the Indian subcontinent.
Rosy starling Rosy starling ( Pastor roseus ) The rosy starling is a passerine bird in the starling family, Sturnidae, also known as the rose-coloured starling or rose-coloured pastor. The species was recently placed in its own monotypic genus, Pastor, and split from Sturnus.
Common starling Common starling ( Sturnus vulgaris ) The common starling, also known as the European starling, or in the British Isles just the starling, is a medium-sized passerine bird in the starling family, Sturnidae. It is about 20 cm long and has glossy black plumage with a metallic sheen, which is speckled with white at some times of year.
Asian pied starling Asian pied starling ( Gracupica contra ) The pied myna or Asian pied starling is a species of starling found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. They are usually found in small groups mainly on the plains and low foothills. They are often seen within cities and villages although they are not as bold as the common myna.
Common myna Common myna ( Acridotheres tristis ) The common myna or Indian myna, sometimes spelled mynah, is a member of the family Sturnidae native to Asia. An omnivorous open woodland bird with a strong territorial instinct, the myna has adapted extremely well to urban environments.
Bank myna Bank myna ( Acridotheres ginginianus ) Bank myna is a myna found in northern parts of South Asia. It is smaller but similar in colouration to the common myna but differs in having a brick red bare skin behind the eye in place of yellow.
Jungle myna Jungle myna ( Acridotheres fuscus ) The jungle myna is a myna, a member of the starling family. It is found patchily distributed across much of the mainland of the Indian Subcontinent but absent in the arid zones of India.
Hill myna Hill myna ( Gracula religiosa ) The common hill myna, sometimes spelled "mynah" and formerly simply known as hill myna or myna bird, is the myna most commonly seen in aviculture, where it is often simply referred to by the latter two names. It is a member of the starling family, resident in hill regions of South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Chestnut-bellied nuthatch Chestnut-bellied nuthatch ( Sitta cinnamoventris ) The chestnut-bellied nuthatch belongs to the family Sittidae. It is found in the Indian Subcontinent occurring in the countries of India, Tibet Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal. It is found in subtropical or tropical forest], that are dry or moist forests, and in montane and lowland forests.
Velvet-fronted nuthatch Velvet-fronted nuthatch ( Sitta frontalis ) The velvet-fronted nuthatch is a small passerine bird in the nuthatch family Sittidae found in southern Asia from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh east to south China and Indonesia.
Indian spotted creeper Indian spotted creeper ( Salpornis spilonotus ) The Indian spotted creeper is a small passerine bird, which is a member of the subfamily Salpornithinae which is placed along with the treecreepers in the family Certhiidae.
Cinereous tit Cinereous tit ( Parus cinereus ) The cinereous tit is a species of bird in the tit family Paridae. This species is made up of several populations that were earlier treated as subspecies of the great tit. These birds are grey backed with white undersides. The great tit in the new sense is distinguishable by the greenish-back and yellowish underside
White-naped tit White-naped tit ( Parus nuchalis ) The white-naped tit, sometimes called white-winged tit, is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is endemic to India where it is found in dry thorn scrub forest in two disjunct populations, in western India and southern India. Its specific name nuchalis means ‘of the nuchal, nape’.
Himalayan black-lored tit Himalayan black-lored tit ( Parus xanthogenys ) The Himalayan black-lored tit, also known as simply black-lored tit, is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. The yellow-cheeked tit is probably its closest relative, and it may also be related to the yellow tit.
Sand martin Sand martin ( Riparia riparia ) The sand martin or European sand martin, bank swallow in the Americas, and collared sand martin in the Indian Subcontinent, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family.
Pale martin Pale martin ( Riparia diluta ) The pale martin or pale sand martin is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It is found in open habitats such as farmland, grassland and savannah, usually near water. It is found from central Asia to southeastern China. The species was formerly considered a subspecies of the sand martin.
Grey-throated martin Grey-throated martin ( Riparia chinensis ) The grey-throated martin or Asian plain martin is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. The grey-throated martin is found in open habitats such as farmland, grassland and savannah, usually near water.
Eurasian crag martin Eurasian crag martin ( Ptyonoprogne rupestris ) The Eurasian crag martin or just crag martin is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It is about 14 cm long with ash-brown upperparts and paler underparts, and a short, square tail that has distinctive white patches on most of its feathers
Dusky crag martin Dusky crag martin ( Ptyonoprogne concolor ) The dusky crag martin is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It is about 13 cm long with a broad body and wings, and a short square tail that has small white patches near the tips of most of its feathers. This martin has sooty-brown upperparts and slightly paler underparts.
Barn swallow Barn swallow ( Hirundo rustica ) The barn swallow is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. It is a distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts and a long, deeply forked tail. It is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.
Pacific swallow Pacific swallow ( Hirundo tahitica ) The Pacific swallow is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It breeds in tropical southern Asia and the islands of the south Pacific. It is resident apart from some local seasonal movements. This bird is associated with coasts, but is increasingly spreading to forested uplands.
Wire-tailed swallow Wire-tailed swallow ( Hirundo smithii ) he wire-tailed swallow is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It has two subspecies: H. s. smithii, which occurs throughout Africa, and H. s. filifera, which is found in southern and southeastern Asia. It is mainly resident, but populations in Pakistan and northern India migrate further south in winter
Red-rumped swallow Red-rumped swallow ( Cecropis daurica ) The red-rumped swallow is a small passerine bird in the swallow family. It breeds in open hilly country of temperate southern Europe and Asia from Portugal and Spain to Japan, India, Sri Lanka and tropical Africa. The Indian and African birds are resident, but European and other Asian birds are migratory.
Streak-throated swallow Streak-throated swallow ( Petrochelidon fluvicola ) The streak-throated swallow or the Indian cliff swallow is a species of swallow found as Native in South Asia in the countries of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. It occurs as a Vagrant in the Maldives, Sri Lanka, and the Middle East.
Northern house martin Northern house martin ( Delichon urbicum ) The common house martin, sometimes called the northern house martin or, particularly in Europe, just house martin, is a migratory passerine bird of the swallow family which breeds in Europe, north Africa and temperate Asia; and winters in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical Asia.
Grey-headed bulbul Grey-headed bulbul ( Pycnonotus priocephalus ) The grey-headed bulbul is a member of the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is endemic to the Western Ghats in south-western India, and found from Goa south to Tamil Nadu at altitudes up to 1200m. It is found in dense reeds or thickets mainly near rivers and swampy areas inside forests
Black-crested bulbul Black-crested bulbul ( Pycnonotus flaviventris ) The black-crested bulbul is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is found from the Indian subcontinent to southeast Asia.
Red-whiskered bulbul Red-whiskered bulbul ( Pycnonotus jocosus ) The red-whiskered bulbul, or crested bulbul, is a passerine bird found in Asia. It is a member of the bulbul family. It is a resident frugivore found mainly in tropical Asia. It has been introduced in many tropical areas of the world where populations have established themselves. It feeds on fruits and small insects.
Red-vented bulbul Red-vented bulbul ( Pycnonotus cafer ) The red-vented bulbul is a member of the bulbul family of passerines. It is resident breeder across the Indian subcontinent, including Sri Lanka extending east to Burma and parts of Tibet.
Yellow-throated bulbul Yellow-throated bulbul ( Pycnonotus xantholaemus ) The yellow-throated bulbul is a species of songbird in the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is endemic to southern peninsular India. They are found on scrub habitats on steep, rocky hills many of which are threatened by granite quarrying.
White-browed bulbul White-browed bulbul ( Pycnonotus luteolus ) The white-browed bulbul is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is a resident breeder in Sri Lanka and peninsular India. Largely olive coloured above with whitish underparts, it has a pale supercilium and a yellow vent.
Yellow-browed bulbul Yellow-browed bulbul ( Acritillas indica ) The yellow-browed bulbul, or golden-browed bulbul, is a species of songbird in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is found in the forests of southern India and Sri Lanka. The yellow-browed bulbul is mainly yellow on the underside and olive above with a distinct yellow brow.
Square-tailed bulbul Square-tailed bulbul ( Hypsipetes ganeesa ) The square-tailed bulbul is a species of songbird in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is found in south-western India and Sri Lanka. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It was previously classified as a subspecies of the black bulbul
Zitting cisticola Zitting cisticola ( Cisticola juncidis ) The zitting cisticola or streaked fantail warbler, is a widely distributed Old World warbler whose breeding range includes southern Europe, Africa, and southern Asia down to northern Australia.
Bright-headed cisticola Bright-headed cisticola ( Cisticola exilis ) The golden-headed cisticola, also known as the bright-capped cisticola, is a species of warbler in the family Cisticolidae, found in Australia and 13 Asian countries
Rufous-fronted prinia Rufous-fronted prinia ( Prinia buchanani ) The rufous-fronted prinia is a species of bird in the Cisticolidae family. It is found in India and Pakistan. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests.
Rufescent prinia Rufescent prinia ( Prinia rufescens ) The rufescent prinia is a species of bird in the Cisticolidae family. It is found in Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and southern Yunnan. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests
Grey-breasted prinia Grey-breasted prinia ( Prinia hodgsonii ) The grey-breasted prinia or Franklin's prinia is a wren-warbler belonging to the family of small passerine birds found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. This prinia is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka and southeast Asia.
Jungle prinia Jungle prinia ( Prinia sylvatica ) The jungle prinia is a small passerine bird, a warbler in the Cisticolidae family.
Ashy prinia Ashy prinia ( Prinia socialis ) The ashy prinia or ashy wren-warbler is a small warbler in the family Cisticolidae. This prinia is a resident breeder in the Indian Subcontinent, ranging across most of India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and western Myanmar.
Plain prinia Plain prinia ( Prinia inornata ) The plain prinia, also known as the plain wren-warbler or white-browed wren-warbler, is a small cisticolid warbler found in southeast Asia. It is a resident breeder from Pakistan and India to south China and southeast Asia. It was formerly included in the tawny-flanked prinia, resident in Africa south of the Sahara.
Indian white-eye Indian white-eye ( Zosterops palpebrosus ) The Indian white-eye, formerly the Oriental white-eye, is a small passerine bird in the white-eye family. It is a resident breeder in open woodland on the Indian subcontinent. They forage in small groups, feeding on nectar and small insects.
Pale-footed bush warbler Pale-footed bush warbler ( Urosphena pallidipes ) The pale-footed bush warbler is a species of oriental warbler in the family Cettiidae, found in southern Asia. The pale-footed bush warbler is found in the Himalayan region west from Deharadum through the foothills of Nepal to the Northeast India
Grasshopper warbler Grasshopper warbler ( Locustella naevia ) The common grasshopper warbler is a species of Old World warbler in the grass warbler genus Locustella. It breeds across much of temperate Europe and western Asia. It is migratory, wintering in north and west Africa. This small passerine bird is found in short dense vegetation, often close to water.
Paddyfield warbler Paddyfield warbler ( Acrocephalus agricola ) The paddyfield warbler is a species of marsh warbler. It was formerly included in the "Old World warbler" assemblage. The Manchurian reed warbler was included in A. agricola as a subspecies. The genus name Acrocephalus is from Ancient Greek akros, "highest", and kephale, "head".
Blyth's reed warbler Blyth's reed warbler ( Acrocephalus dumetorum ) Blyth's reed warbler is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. It breeds in temperate Asia and easternmost Europe. It is migratory, wintering in Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka. It is one of the most common winter warblers in those countries. It is a rare vagrant to western Europe.
Clamorous reed warbler Clamorous reed warbler ( Acrocephalus stentoreus ) The clamorous reed warbler is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. It breeds from Egypt eastwards through Pakistan, Afghanistan and northernmost India to south China, southeast Asia and south to Australia. A. s. meridionalis is an endemic race in Sri Lanka
Booted warbler Booted warbler ( Iduna caligata ) The booted warbler is an Old World warbler in the tree warbler group. It was formerly considered to be conspecific with Sykes's warbler, but the two are now usually both afforded species status.
Common tailorbird Common tailorbird ( Orthotomus sutorius ) The common tailorbird is a songbird found across tropical Asia. Popular for its nest made of leaves "sewn" together and immortalized by Rudyard Kipling as Darzee in his Jungle Book, it is a common resident in urban gardens.
Common chiffchaff Common chiffchaff ( Phylloscopus collybita ) The common chiffchaff, or simply the chiffchaff, is a common and widespread leaf warbler which breeds in open woodlands throughout northern and temperate Europe and Asia. It is a migratory passerine which winters in southern and western Europe, southern Asia and north Africa.
Dusky warbler Dusky warbler ( Phylloscopus fuscatus ) The dusky warbler is a leaf warbler which breeds in east Asia. The genus name Phylloscopus is from Ancient Greek phullon, "leaf", and skopos, "seeker". The specific fuscatus is from Latin fuscus "dark". This warbler is strongly migratory and winters in South Asia and South-east Asia
Tickell's leaf warbler Tickell's leaf warbler ( Phylloscopus affinis ) Tickell's leaf warbler is a leaf warbler found in Asia in the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Thailand. The species has a yellowish underside and super-cilium. Like other leaf warblers it feeds mostly on insects by gleaning and short sallies.
Sulphur-bellied warbler Sulphur-bellied warbler ( Phylloscopus griseolus ) The sulphur-bellied warbler is a species of leaf-warbler found in the Palearctic region. They were earlier also known by the name of olivaceous leaf-warbler. Like other leaf-warblers it gleans insects from small branches and leaves. They are found on rocky hill and scrub forest habitats.
Hume's warbler Hume's warbler ( Phylloscopus humei ) Hume's leaf warbler or Hume's warbler is a small leaf warbler which breeds in the mountains of inner Asia. This warbler is migratory and winters mainly in India. The English name and the specific humei bird commemorate Allan Octavian Hume, a British civil servant and ornithologist based in India.
Greenish warbler Greenish warbler ( Phylloscopus trochiloides ) The greenish warbler is a widespread leaf warbler with a breeding range in northeastern Europe and temperate to subtropical continental Asia. This warbler is strongly migratory and winters in India. It is not uncommon as a spring or early autumn vagrant in Western Europe and is annually seen in Great Britain
Large-billed leaf warbler Large-billed leaf warbler ( Phylloscopus magnirostris ) The large-billed leaf warbler is a species of leaf warbler. It was formerly included in the "Old World warbler" assemblage. Breeding in central China and the Himalayas, it winters in the Western Ghats and associated hill ranges. It is found in dense vegetation and is more often heard than seen.
Tytler's leaf warbler Tytler's leaf warbler ( Phylloscopus tytleri ) The Tytler's leaf warbler is a songbird species. Like all leaf warblers, it was formerly placed in the "Old World warbler" assemblage, but now belongs to the new leaf-warbler family Phylloscopidae. It is found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, and the India.
Western crowned warbler Western crowned warbler ( Phylloscopus occipitalis ) The western crowned warbler is a leaf warbler which breeds in Central Asia. It winters in the forests of the Western Ghats. The nest is built in a hole, and the typical clutch is four eggs. The species has a distinctive crown stripe and two wing-bars. It often moves in small flocks or in mixed hunting parties.
Green-crowned warbler Green-crowned warbler ( Seicercus burkii ) he green-crowned warbler is a species of leaf warbler. It was formerly included in the "Old World warbler" assemblage. It is found in the Indian subcontinent, ranging across Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Single sight was recorded from Sigiriya, Sri Lanka in 1993.
Lesser whitethroat Lesser whitethroat ( Sylvia curruca ) The lesser whitethroat is a common and widespread typical warbler which breeds in temperate Europe, except the southwest, and in western and central Asia. This small passerine bird is strongly migratory, wintering in Africa just south of the Sahara, Arabia and India.
Orphean warbler Orphean warbler ( Sylvia hortensis ) The western Orphean warbler is a typical warbler of the genus Sylvia. This species occurs in summer around the Mediterranean, through western Europe and extending into northwest Africa. It is migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a rare vagrant to northern and north-western Europe
Striated grassbird Striated grassbird ( Megalurus palustris ) The striated grassbird is an "Old World warbler" species in the family Locustellidae. It was formerly placed in the family Sylviidae. It is now the only species placed in the genus Megalurus.
Bristled grassbird Bristled grassbird ( Chaetornis striata ) The bristled grassbird is a small passerine bird in the genus Schoenicola. Also known as the bristled grass warbler, this species is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, where it is patchily distributed in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan.
Broad-tailed grassbird Broad-tailed grassbird ( Schoenicola platyurus ) The broad-tailed grassbird is a species of Old World warbler in the Locustellidae family. It is endemic to the Western Ghats of India with a possibility of occurrence in Sri Lanka. A small, mostly brown bird, it has a broad rounded and graduated tail.
Wynaad laughingthrush Wynaad laughingthrush ( Garrulax delesserti ) The Wayanad laughingthrush is a species of laughingthrush in the family Leiothrichidae. It is endemic to the Western Ghats south of Goa in India. These laughingthrushes move in groups in dense forests, producing loud calls but tend to be hard to spot in the undergrowth.
Nilgiri laughingthrush Nilgiri laughingthrush ( Trochalopteron cachinnans ) The Nilgiri laughingthrush is a species of laughingthrush endemic to the high elevation areas of the Nilgiris and adjoining hill ranges in Peninsular India. The mostly rufous underparts, olive brown upperparts, a prominent white eyebrow and a black throat make it unmistakable
Banasura laughingthrush Banasura laughingthrush ( Montecincla jerdoni ) The Banasura laughingthrush is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is found in the Western Ghats in southwestern Karnataka. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the black-chinned laughingthrush.
Palani laughingthrush Palani laughingthrush ( Montecincla fairbanki ) The Palani laughingthrush is a species of laughingthrush endemic to the hills of the Western Ghats south of the Palghat Gap in Southern India
Ashambu laughingthrush Ashambu laughingthrush ( Montecincla meridionalis ) The Ashambu laughingthrush or Travancore laughingthrush is a species of bird in the family Leiothrichidae. It is found in the Western Ghats in southern Kerala and southern Tamil Nadu. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the grey-breasted laughingthrush.
Abbott's babbler Abbott's babbler ( Malacocincla abbotti ) Abbott's babbler is a species of bird in the Pellorneidae family. It is widely distributed along the Himalayas in South Asia and extending into the forests of Southeast Asia
Puff-throated babbler Puff-throated babbler ( Pellorneum ruficeps ) The puff-throated babbler or spotted babbler is a species of passerine bird found in Asia. They are found in scrub and moist forest mainly in hilly regions.
Indian scimitar babbler Indian scimitar babbler ( Pomatorhinus horsfieldii ) The Indian scimitar babbler is an Old World babbler. It is found in peninsular India in a range of forest habitats. They are most often detected by their distinctive calls which include an antiphonal duet by a pair of birds. They are often hard to see as they forage through dense vegetation.
Rufous-fronted babbler Rufous-fronted babbler ( Stachyridopsis rufifrons ) The rufous-fronted babbler is a babbler species in the Old World babbler family. It occurs in India's Eastern Ghats and from the Eastern Himalayan foothills to Southeast Asia at altitudes of 120–2,100 m. It is buff-brown with paler brown underparts and a dull rufous crown.
Tawny-bellied babbler Tawny-bellied babbler ( Dumetia hyperythra ) The tawny-bellied babbler also known in older Indian works as the rufous-bellied babbler is a small babbler that forages in groups in low scrub forests. Like other members of the large Old World babbler family they are passerine birds characterised by soft fluffy plumage.
Dark-fronted babbler Dark-fronted babbler ( Rhopocichla atriceps ) The dark-fronted babbler is an Old World babbler found in the Western Ghats of India and the forests of Sri Lanka. They are small chestnut brown birds with a dark black cap, a whitish underside and pale yellow iris.
Striped tit babbler Striped tit babbler ( Macronus gularis ) The pin-striped tit-babbler, also known as the yellow-breasted babbler, is a species of Old World babbler found in South and Southeast Asia.
Yellow-eyed babbler Yellow-eyed babbler ( Chrysomma sinense ) The yellow-eyed babbler is a passerine bird native to South and Southeast Asia. It inhabits shrubland, grassland and wetland habitats. On the IUCN Red List, it is listed as Least Concern because of its wide distribution and stable population.
Common babbler Common babbler ( Turdoides caudata ) The common babbler is a member of the Leiothrichidae family. They are found in dry open scrub country mainly in India. Two populations are recognized as subspecies and the populations to the west of the Indus river system are now usually treated as a separate species, the Afghan babbler.
Large grey babbler Large grey babbler ( Turdoides malcolmi ) The large grey babbler is a member of the family Leiothrichidae found across India and far western Nepal. They are locally common in the scrub, open forest and gardenland.
Rufous babbler Rufous babbler ( Turdoides subrufa ) The rufous babbler is an endemic species of bird found in the Western Ghats of southern India belonging to the Leiothrichidae family It is dark brown and long tailed, and is usually seen foraging in noisy groups along open hillsides with a mixture of grass, bracken and forest.
Jungle babbler Jungle babbler ( Turdoides striata ) The jungle babbler is a member of the family Leiothrichidae found in the Indian subcontinent. They are gregarious birds that forage in small groups of six to ten birds, a habit that has given them
Yellow-billed babbler Yellow-billed babbler ( Turdoides affinis ) The yellow-billed babbler is a member of the Leiothrichidae family endemic to southern India and Sri Lanka. The yellow-billed babbler is a common resident breeding bird in Sri Lanka and southern India. Its habitat is scrub, cultivation and garden land.
Brown-cheeked fulvetta Brown-cheeked fulvetta ( Alcippe poioicephala ) The brown-cheeked fulvetta, is included in the Pellorneidae family. It was earlier also known as the quaker babbler. This species is one of those retained in the genus Alcippe after the true fulvettas and some others were removed; the group had turned out to unite quite unrelated birds
Singing bushlark Singing bushlark ( Mirafra cantillans ) The singing bush lark is a species of lark found in Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia.
Indian bushlark Indian bushlark ( Mirafra erythroptera ) The Indian bush lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae found in South Asia
Jerdon's bushlark Jerdon's bushlark ( Mirafra affinis ) Jerdon's bush lark or Jerdon's lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae found in south Asia. This was formerly considered as a subspecies of Mirafra assamica and termed as the Madras bushlark. Two other species in the complex include Mirafra marionae and Mirafra microptera.
Ashy-crowned sparrow lark Ashy-crowned sparrow lark ( Eremopterix griseus ) The ashy-crowned sparrow-lark is a small sparrow-sized member of the lark family. It is found in the plains in open land with bare ground, grass and scrub across South Asia. The males are well marked with a contrasting black-and-white face pattern, while females are sandy brown, looking similar to a female sparrow
Rufous-tailed lark Rufous-tailed lark ( Ammomanes phoenicura ) The rufous-tailed lark, also sometimes called the rufous-tailed finch-lark, is a ground bird found in the drier open stony habitats of India and parts of Pakistan. Like other species in the genus it has a large finch-like bill with a slightly curved edge to the upper mandible.
Greater short-toed lark Greater short-toed lark ( Calandrella brachydactyla ) The greater short-toed lark is a small passerine bird. The current scientific name is from Ancient Greek. The genus name, Calandrella, is a diminutive of kalandros, the calandra lark, and brachydactila is from brakhus, "short", and daktulos, "toe"
Crested lark Crested lark ( Galerida cristata ) The crested lark is a species of lark distinguished from the other 81 species of lark by the crest of feathers that rise up in territorial or courtship displays and when singing. Common to mainland Europe, the birds can also be found in northern Africa and in parts of western Asia and China.
Malabar lark Malabar lark ( Galerida malabarica ) The Malabar lark, or Malabar crested lark is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae found in western India.
Sykes's lark Sykes's lark ( Galerida deva ) Sykes's lark is a species of lark found in the dry open country of India. Its distribution is mainly restricted to central India, although stray records have been found elsewhere on the sub-continent. It is identified by its prominent crest and its overall rufous colouration.
Oriental skylark Oriental skylark ( Alauda gulgula ) The Oriental skylark, also known as the small skylark, is a species of skylark found in southern, central and eastern Asia. Like other skylarks, it is found in open grassland where it feeds on seeds and insects.
Thick-billed flowerpecker Thick-billed flowerpecker ( Dicaeum agile ) The thick-billed flowerpecker is a tiny bird in the flowerpecker group. They feed predominantly on fruits and are active birds that are mainly seen in the tops of trees in forests.
Pale-billed flowerpecker Pale-billed flowerpecker ( Dicaeum erythrorhynchos ) The pale-billed flowerpecker or Tickell's flowerpecker is a tiny bird that feeds on nectar and berries, found in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and western Myanmar. The bird is common especially in urban gardens with berry bearing trees.
Nilgiri flowerpecker Nilgiri flowerpecker ( Dicaeum concolor ) The Nilgiri flowerpecker is a tiny bird in the flowerpecker family. Formerly a subspecies of what used to be termed as the plain flowerpecker although that name is now reserved for Dicaeum minullum. Like others of the group, it feeds predominantly on nectar and fruits.
Purple-rumped sunbird Purple-rumped sunbird ( Leptocoma zeylonica ) The purple-rumped sunbird is a sunbird endemic to the Indian Subcontinent. Like other sunbirds, they are small in size, feeding mainly on nectar but sometimes take insects, particularly when feeding young. They can hover for short durations but usually perch to suck nectar from flowers
Crimson-backed sunbird Crimson-backed sunbird ( Leptocoma minima ) The crimson-backed sunbird or small sunbird is a sunbird endemic to the Western Ghats of India. Like other sunbirds, they feed mainly on nectar although they take insects, especially to feed their young.
Purple sunbird Purple sunbird ( Cinnyris asiaticus ) The purple sunbird is a small sunbird. Like other sunbirds they feed mainly on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. They have a fast and direct flight and can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird but often perch at the base of flowers.
Loten's sunbird Loten's sunbird ( Cinnyris lotenius ) The Loten's sunbird, long-billed sunbird or maroon-breasted sunbird, is a sunbird endemic to peninsular India and Sri Lanka
Crimson sunbird Crimson sunbird ( Aethopyga siparaja ) The crimson sunbird is a species of bird in the sunbird family which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding the young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed most of the time
Ruby-cheeked sunbird Ruby-cheeked sunbird ( Chalcoparia singalensis ) The ruby-cheeked sunbird is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae.
Little spiderhunter Little spiderhunter ( Arachnothera longirostra ) The little spiderhunter is a species of long-billed nectar-feeding bird in the family Nectariniidae found in the moist forests of South and Southeast Asia. Unlike typical sunbirds, males and females are very similar in plumage.
Forest wagtail Forest wagtail ( Dendronanthus indicus ) The forest wagtail is a medium-sized passerine bird in the wagtail family Motacillidae. It has a distinctive plumage that sets it apart from other wagtails and has the habit of wagging its tail sideways unlike the usual up and down movements of the other wagtail species.
White wagtail White wagtail ( Motacilla alba ) The white wagtail is a small passerine bird in the family Motacillidae, which also includes pipits and longclaws. The species breeds in much of Europe and Asia and parts of North Africa. It has a toehold in Alaska as a scarce breeder. It is resident in the mildest parts of its range, but otherwise migrates to Africa.
White-browed wagtail White-browed wagtail ( Motacilla maderaspatensis ) The white-browed wagtail or large pied wagtail is a medium-sized bird and is the largest member of the wagtail family. They are conspicuously patterned with black above and white below, a prominent white brow, shoulder stripe and outer tail feathers.
Citrine wagtail Citrine wagtail ( Motacilla citreola ) The citrine wagtail is a small songbird in the family Motacillidae.
Yellow wagtail Yellow wagtail ( Motacilla flava ) The western yellow wagtail is a small passerine in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and longclaws. This species breeds in much of temperate Europe and Asia.
Grey wagtail Grey wagtail ( Motacilla cinerea ) The grey wagtail is a member of the wagtail family, Motacillidae, measuring around 18–19 cm overall length. The species looks somewhat similar to the yellow wagtail but has the yellow on its underside restricted to the throat and vent. Breeding males have a black throat.
Richard's pipit Richard's pipit ( Anthus richardi ) Richard's pipit is a medium-sized passerine bird which breeds in open grasslands in northern Asia. It is a long-distance migrant moving to open lowlands in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is a rare but regular vagrant to western Europe
Paddyfield pipit Paddyfield pipit ( Anthus rufulus ) The paddyfield pipit or Oriental pipit is a small passerine bird in the pipit and wagtail family. It is a resident breeder in open scrub, grassland and cultivation in southern Asia east to the Philippines.
Tawny pipit Tawny pipit ( Anthus campestris ) The tawny pipit is a medium-large passerine bird which breeds in much of temperate Europe and Asia, and north-western Africa. It is a migrant moving in winter to tropical Africa and the Indian Subcontinent. The scientific name is from Latin.
Blyth's pipit Blyth's pipit ( Anthus godlewskii ) Blyth's pipit is a medium-sized passerine bird which breeds in Mongolia and neighbouring areas. It is a long distance migrant moving to open lowlands in Southern Asia. It is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.
Long-billed pipit Long-billed pipit ( Anthus similis ) The long-billed pipit or brown rock pipit is a passerine bird which has a wide distribution. A number of subspecies have been created for the populations in Africa, through the Arabian peninsula and South Asia. The systematics of this complex is yet to be clarified. Most birds are residents or short distance migrants.
Tree pipit Tree pipit ( Anthus trivialis ) The tree pipit is a small passerine bird which breeds across most of Europe and temperate western and central Asia. It is a long-distance migrant moving in winter to Africa and southern Asia. The scientific name is from Latin.
Olive-backed pipit Olive-backed pipit ( Anthus hodgson ) The olive-backed pipit is a small passerine bird of the pipit genus, which breeds across southern, north central and eastern Asia, as well as in the north-eastern European Russia. It is a long-distance migrant moving in winter to southern Asia and Indonesia.
Red-throated pipit Red-throated pipit ( Anthus cervinus ) The red-throated pipit is a small passerine bird which breeds in the far north of Europe and Asia, with a foothold in northern Alaska. It is a long-distance migrant moving in winter to Africa, south and east Asia and west coast United States. It is a vagrant to western Europe.
Nilgiri pipit Nilgiri pipit ( Anthus nilghiriensis ) The Nilgiri pipit is a distinctive species of pipit that is endemic to the high altitude hills of southern India. Richer brown in colour than other pipits in the region, it is distinctive in having the streaking on the breast continuing along the flanks.
House sparrow House sparrow ( Passer domesticus ) The house sparrow is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world. It is a small bird that has a typical length of 16 cm and a mass of 24–39.5 g. Females and young birds are coloured pale brown and grey, and males have brighter black, white, and brown markings.
Eurasian tree sparrow Eurasian tree sparrow ( Passer montanus ) The Eurasian tree sparrow is a passerine bird in the sparrow family with a rich chestnut crown and nape, and a black patch on each pure white cheek. The sexes are similarly plumaged, and young birds are a duller version of the adult.
Chestnut-shouldered petronia Chestnut-shouldered petronia ( Petronia xanthocollis ) The yellow-throated sparrow or chestnut-shouldered petronia is a species of sparrow found in southern Asia.
Black-breasted weaver Black-breasted weaver ( Ploceus benghalensis ) The black-breasted weaver, also known as the Bengal weaver or black-throated weaver, is a weaver resident in the northern river plains of the Indian subcontinent.
Streaked weaver Streaked weaver ( Ploceus manyar ) The streaked weaver is a species of weaver bird found in South Asia and South-east Asia in the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam and also introduced in Qatar and United Arab Emirates.
Baya weaver Baya weaver ( Ploceus philippinus ) The baya weaver is a weaverbird found across the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Flocks of these birds are found in grasslands, cultivated areas, scrub and secondary growth and they are best known for their hanging retort shaped nests woven from leaves.
Red avadavat Red avadavat ( Amandava amandava ) The red avadavat, red munia or strawberry finch, is a sparrow-sized bird of the family Estrildidae. It is found in the open fields and grasslands of tropical Asia and is popular as a cage bird due to the colourful plumage of the males in their breeding season.
Green avadavat Green avadavat ( Amandava formosa ) The green avadavat or green munia is a species of Estrildid finch with green and yellow on the body, a bright red bill and black "zebra stripes" on the flanks. They are endemic to the Indian subcontinent and were formerly popular as cagebirds.
Indian silverbill Indian silverbill ( Euodice malabarica ) The Indian silverbill or white-throated munia is a small passerine bird found in the Indian Subcontinent and adjoining regions that was formerly considered to include the closely related African silverbill.
White-rumped munia White-rumped munia ( Lonchura striata ) The white-rumped munia or white-rumped mannikin, sometimes called striated finch in aviculture, is a small passerine bird from the family of waxbill "finches". These are not close relatives of the true finches or true sparrows.
Black-throated munia Black-throated munia ( Lonchura kelaarti ) The black-throated munia or Jerdon's mannikin is a small passerine bird. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in the hills of southwest India, the Eastern Ghats and Sri Lanka.
Scaly-breasted munia Scaly-breasted munia ( Lonchura punctulata ) The scaly-breasted munia or spotted munia, known in the pet trade as nutmeg mannikin or spice finch, is a sparrow-sized estrildid finch native to tropical Asia. A species of the genus Lonchura, it was formally described and named by Carl Linnaeus in 1758.
Tricoloured munia Tricoloured munia ( Lonchura malacca ) The tricoloured munia is an estrildid finch, native to Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and southern China. The species was also introduced to Trinidad, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela. This species like the chestnut munia has been known as the black-headed munia.
Common rosefinch Common rosefinch ( Carpodacus erythrinus ) The common rosefinch or scarlet rosefinch is the most widespread and common rosefinch of Asia and Europe.
Crested bunting Crested bunting ( Melophus lathami ) The crested bunting is a species of bird in the family Emberizidae, from South and Southeast Asia
Grey-necked bunting Grey-necked bunting ( Emberiza buchanani ) The grey-necked bunting, sometimes referred to as grey-hooded bunting is a species of bird in the family Emberizidae. It breeds along a wide distribution range from the Caspian Sea to the Altai Mountains in Central Asia and winters in parts of Southern Asia. Like other buntings it is found in small flocks
Striolated bunting Striolated bunting ( Emberiza striolata ) The striolated bunting is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae, a group now separated by most modern authors from the finches, Fringillidae.
Black-headed bunting Black-headed bunting ( Emberiza melanocephala ) The black-headed bunting is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae. It breeds in south-east Europe east to Iran and migrates in winter mainly to India, with some individuals moving further into south-east Asia
Red-headed bunting Red-headed bunting ( Emberiza bruniceps ) The red-headed bunting is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae, a group now separated by most modern authors from the finches, Fringillidae. It breeds in central Asia. It is migratory, wintering in India and Bangladesh.